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born Long Beach, CA, Sept.13th 1939, 4:05
AM Pacific Standard Time , author of "Love,"
1974

There are a number of major language systems operating in the civilized world.  The English language
system is associated with the British Empire and the French with the French Empire.  Spanish and
Portuguese were supported in their hegemony by the empires of Spain and Portugal.  Similar imperial
conditions were responsible for the spread of German, Japanese, Italian, Russian, and Chinese languages.  
Arabic was spread by the Moslem empires of Cairo, Damascus, and Baghdad.  The holy scriptures
associated with these empires include the Latin Vulgate bible of the Roman church, the Confucian classics,
Book of Dao (Tao), and Chinese translations of the Buddhist scriptures (Tripitaka, or three baskets of
scriptures), also, the Koran (written in Arabic).  Scriptures like these were generated by ancient empire:
Roman, Chinese, Byzantine, Moslem, Hindu, etc.

They include written versions of oral language attributed to Moses, Jesus, Confucius, etc.  They are
supported by church organizations such as the Roman Catholic, the Greek Orthodox, the Russian Orthodox,
and have been supported by political organizations such as the Chinese Empire, the Gupta Empire, the
Caliphate, the Sultanate and with cities like Constantinople (Istanbul), Rome, Moscow, Peking, Baghdad, etc.

These empires have disappeared and have been replaced by the United Nations, with its headquarters In
New York, which is attempting to function as a modern League of Athens, lead by the five Nations that won
World War II: UK, France, US, China, Russia (former Soviet Union).  Each (except for China) has its own
league in turn (London and the British Queen rule over the British Commonwealth, former British Empire).  
Russia is the leader of the Commonwealth of Independent States (former Soviet Union).  France and the UK
are members of the European Union.  With the US, they are members of the North Atlantic Treaty Alliance
(NATO).  The US leads the Pan American Union of new world states.  France remains the informal leader of
what was the French Community.

The only nation with enough military power to police this situation is the United States.  This puts it in a
situation similar to that of Athens in the Athenian League, with various rivals playing Sparta, first Germany
and Japan, after World War II, the Soviet Union and China, now it is Iran and Syria and the Moslem world.

The United States is larger in population and area than many of the historic empires.  At times, the federal
government exerts an imperial influence in the American sphere of power through use of the military and
clandestine activities of the CIA.  Sometimes, the American President seems to exert overseas power similar
to that of a weak emperor with overstretched resources.  Understanding what is going on requires an
introduction to the level of organization concept

There is no one right way to present levels of organization, in the approach discussed here, I use an older
16 level cycle.  I have recently expanded this to 16 levels and 32 sublevels and considerably changed the
terminology I use:  thus, I. ARCHOS, the beginning stages, Dynamos, energy, sublevel 1, Chaos, energy flux,
sublevel 2, II PHOROS, emergence, Logos, systems, sub 3, Synos, complexity, sub 4, III COSMOS,
cosmogongy, Orthos, constants and multiverses, sub 5, Schizos, singularities and big bangs, sub 6, IV
MORPHOS, M Theory, Mitos, strings and branes, sub 7, Chromos, quantum mechanics, sub 8, V PHOSOS,
particle physics, Electros, particles, electrons, sub 9, Protos, protons, atomic nuclei, sub 10, VI CHALCOS,
chemistry, Atomos, atoms, sub 11, Hydros, molecules, sub 12, VII. PHYSIOS, biochemistry, Plasmos,
macromolecules, sub 13, Zymos, enzymes and transfer RNA, sub 14, BIOS, life, Somos, Ribosomes and
messenger RNA, sub 15, Genos, DNA and Chromosomes, sub 16, VIII GAMOS, sexual reproduction, Caryos,
cell nuclei, sub 17, Cytos, complex cells, sub 18, IX DERMOS, embryology, Histos, tissues, sub 19, Gastros,
organs, sub 20, X ZOOS animals, Neuros, organ systems, nervous systems, sub 21, Psychos, organisms,
minds, behavior, sub 22, XI DEMOS, human anthropology and sociology, Ethnos, human populations and
speech, sub 23, Polisos, human writing, cities, civilization, sub 24, XII TECHNOS, technology, Metros, human
ecosystems, printing, industry, scientific measurement, sub 25, Anemos, biosphere, broadcasting, sub 26,
XIII GNOSOS, information systems, Geos, planets, computers, sub 27, Helios, solar systems, robots, web,
sub 28, XIV SOPHOS, higher intelligence, Astros, star clusters, androids, virtual reality, sub 29, Galactos,
galaxies, false universes, "worships" superbrains, sub 30, THEOS, creator intelligence, Megalos, super
galaxies, titans, daughter universes, sub 31, Ouranos, cosmi, gods, creation of multiverses, sub 32.  
BELOW WE DEVELOP THIS USING AN OLDER SYSTEM:
(for a background on this level of organization approach see Evolution as Entropy, Daniel R. Brooks and E.
O. Wiley, University of Chicago Press, 1986, p. 35, p. 43, see also Ervin Laszlo, The Systems View of the
World, Braziller, 1972, Roger Lewin, Complexity, Macmillan, 1992, Gairdener B. Moment, General Zoology,
Houghton Mifflin, 1958, pp. 11 thru 40, Moment's subatomic is here the Protos, atomic is Atomos, molecular
is Zymos, cellular is Bios, multicellular is Psychos, population is Anthros, the  below the subatomic is added
as Axios, so also biotic community as Demos, ecosystem as Thermos, biosphere as Electros, planet as
Astros, solar system as Synos, star cluster as Nymphos, galaxy as Daimonos, supergalaxy as Titanos, and
universe as Theos, see also Daniel C. Dennett, Darwin's Dangerous Idea, Simon and Schuster,  1995, see
pp. 335 to 519, the Bios level is gene driven, the Psychos is meme driven, Athros has an oral language
meme, Demos, written, Thermos, printed, Electros, broadcast, Astros, computer, Synos, internet, web,
Nymphos, virtual reality science fiction, Daimonos, fantasy, Titanos, myth, Theos, theology.  This universe
perpetuates itself in hyperspace, see Michio Kaku, Hyperspace, Oxford, 1994, and others.)
(THIS IS THE OLDER SYSTEM, for the new revision see above)
The Physical:
Level 1. Axios, energy in all its forms as studied by physics, information stored in electromagnetic waves,
quanta.
Level 2. Protos, particles, electrons, protons,etc, particle physics, information stored in electrical charge, etc.
Level 3. Atomos, atoms, elements, as studied by chemistry, information stored in chemical bonds
Level 4. Zymos, molecules, as studied by organic and biochemistry, information stored in chemical codes,
DNA, etc.

The Biological and Social:
Level 5. Bios, cells and cell structures, as studied by cell biology, microbiology, information stored in genes.
Level 6. Psychos, tissues, organs, organisms, botany, zoology, psychology, information in hormones, nerve
messages
Level 7. Anthros, populations, tribes, population biology, anthropology, information in signals, human speech
Level 8, Demos, biotic communities, cities, ecology, sociology, civilization, history, information in writing

The Technical:
Level 9: Thermos, ecosystems, mechanical systems, machines, technology, information in printing,
mechanical codes
Level 10: Electos, biosphere, electronic systems, televisions, radio, information in broadcasting, electronic
codes
Level 11. Astros, planets, computer systems, data processing, information in computer programs and
storage devices
Level 12. Synos, solar systems, robotics, robots, Internet, web, information in web sites and web servers.

The Fantastic:
Level 13 Nymphos, star clusters, cyborgs, androids, virtual reality, all forms of science fiction possibility
Level 14 Daimonos, galaxies, demons, elves, dwarves, virtual reality fantasy, all forms of fantastic possibility
Level 15. Titanos, super galaxies, titans, virtual reality mythological worlds, all forms of mythological possibility
Level 16. Theos, universes and systems of universes, gods, virtual reality theological worlds, all theological
possibility

Level 16 regenerates by creating daughter universes at level 1, with the power to evolve level 16 universes,
thus, the system is self perpetuating.

The imperial aspects of American foreign policy are part of the operation of the Demos level of organization
and operate out of imperial cities like Washington and New York.  These new imperial centers support the old
empires of London, Paris, Rome, Berlin, etc.  In general, this imperial aspect weakens from the Demos level
through the emerging Nymphos.  Space is an American lake, but Americans make no attempt to stake out
territory in space.  The Astros and Synos levels of organization are still areas of competition and innovation.

Marvin Harris is an anthropologist who wrote "Cannibals and Kings," a book that describes the first chiefs as
redistributors of goods, as in the Potlatch ceremonies of Pacific Northwest Indians.  Gradually, population
pressure forces more military and less egalitarian uses of chiefs and government.  Males are favored
because of their ability to make war.  The devaluation of women causes them to be exposed in childhood.  
This helps control the population, though its effects on the moral character of civilization and religion are
catastrophic. (See Marvin Harris, "Cannibals and Kings," Vintage Books, 1978, hunter-gathers control
population by prolonged lactation, (the earliest Glutinous, pre-productive, Orientation  p. 23, invention of
agriculture creates population pressure (but, pristine agricultural states are the true Productive Orientation),
p. 43, fertility of group critically related to number of women, p. 57, warfare generates male supremacism
(Exploitative Orientation), p. 81, original society involved redistributor chiefs, p. 102 and 102.  What Harris
calls "pristine states" is what we have termed the "Productive Orientation.  What Harris identifies to warrior
culture is what we are calling "Exploitative Orientation."  What Harris calls the "Hydraulic Trap" is what we are
calling "Receptive Orientation" and, when its expanding phase, the" Glutinous Orientation."  What Harris calls
the beginnings of capitalism is our transition from the Productive Orientation, to the Segregating, Hoarding,  
Refining, and finally through Absolutism and imperial Glutinous mercantilism to Marketing and Utilizing.  What
Harris terms "Industrial Bubble," is our Utilizing, Segregating, and Hoarding , and its distributive, or Marketing,
aspects.)  Our terminology is developed from the work of  Erich Fromm.  See "Man for Himself," Fawcett,
1947, pp. 69 -98.  We have used the Eploitive/Exploitative Orientation, much as it is found in the work of
Fromm, as a variation on the sadistic way of viewing things, the way of the warrior.  We have used the
Receptive Orientation much as Fromm has used it, as a variation on the masochistic.  We have used the
Hoarding Orientation much as Fromm has used it, as specialization of the segregating orientation of local city
states that sometimes promotes capitalistic development, in the case of Italy and France in the 13th to 17th
centuries, progress through what we call the Refining (classical temper) and the Receptive,  Baroque
temper,  rationalist, but expanding into the dialectic, eclectic, and imperial Glutinous (the fullest development
is the Hegelian dialectic and Prussian Imperialism, the 19th Century symbolism, primitivism and
Post-Impressionism, the eclecticism of the imperial 19th Century French, Dutch, British national tempers.  We
have separated capitalist (expressionist) and socialist (realist) variants of Fromm's Marketing Orientation into
Marketing and Utilizing (the difference between Harding and FDR, between Los Angeles and Copenhagen).  
We have broken the Segregating (archaic classical, and impressionistic) and Refining (high classical) modes
of Fromm's Productive Orientation away from the primitive Productive Orientation (equivalent of Harris'
"Pristine States").

So we have created a model, on other pages of this site, that recognizes eight orientations:  the productive
orientation (self maintaining, as in the Maring of New Guinea), the exploitative (exploitive) orientation (tribal
warfare), the segregating and hoarding orientation (isolation, local control), the refining orientation
(aristocratic, classical), the receptive orientation (totalitarian, absolutism), the glutinous orientation
(expansionist, overseas, colonial, imperialism, mercantilism), the marketing orientation (consumer capitalism),
the utilizing orientation (democratic socialism, realism).  Potlatch chiefs represent the productive orientation.  
Tribal militarism represents the exploitative orientation (as described in the paragraph above).

The exploitative orientation can generate extreme Darwinian selection at the Anthros and Demos level as a
result of the extinction of tribes and city states.  Plundered cultures respond by isolating and hoarding stored
wealth.  The result is the growth of the segregating and hoarding orientation and the growth of isolating city
states and hoarding empires.  

In the case of ancient Greece, a Neo-Darwinian model was working similar to the following:
                                                 FLUX
        Source: Productive Orientation, Mutation, New ideas, codes
variation                                                                                                  ground
CONCENTRATION                          transcendent                                    CONNECTION
conserve                                                                                               purpose
          Ideal: Refining Orientation, Set Point, adaptive codes
Free: Exploitive Orientation                                                                               Mixed: Glutinous  Orientation
Natural Selection, Extinction                                                                                 Recombination,   gene pool
individual                                               LAW/FIXED                                         collective
Separate: Segregating/Hoarding Orientation      Order: Receptive Orientation
Analysis of Input/Isolation                              Feedback Mechanisms/Reproduction
                   Result: Utilizing Orientation, Properties, traits
form                                                                                                        sameness
DISCONNECTION                         measurement                            DISTRIBUTION
action                                                                                                       development
   Perform: Marketing Orientation, Emergence, Expression, Phenotype
                                            FLUX  
The model developed above uses the systems organizing principles suggested in Sol Tax, ed, Volume I, The
Evolution of Life, University of Chicago,1960, see pp. 14 -21, 47, 95 -113, 197 -223, 307 -343, particularly
important is the notion of evolutionary feed-back, see pp. 338 - 340, 349 - 378, 381 -471, note Wright on
selective peaks, p. 451 (our set points, adaptive codes, for memes, as well as genes, all of this is set out on
a cut open octahedron, tetrahedron, cube, see R. Buckminster Fuller, Synergetics 2, Macmillan, 1979, see
Cosmic Hierarchy plate following page 360, see also "Deceptiveness of Topology, note vector edges of the
tetrahedron, octahedron.  These octahedral vector edges are shown without capitals in our model above,
thus, "measurement," "form,"  The vector edges of the tetrahedron are shown as capital letters, thus, "FLUX,"
and "DISCONNECTION."

In the case of ancient Greece, isolation, the segregating and hoarding orientations, allowed the development
of separate city states that were able to defend themselves against exploitation and empire.  As these city
states developed local culture and local aristocracies, the refining orientation and its classical temper began
to dominate.  The most powerful city states were able to pass on cultural notions to the imperial systems that
began to emerge and power was consolidated into absolutism and empire (glutinous) by individuals like
Alexander the Great and his generals.  The expansion of imperial power centers stimulated consumption of
wealth and the glutinous and receptive orientations.

The productive orientation stimulated an explosion of exploitive orientation activity when growing population
pressure and the invention of a new form of long ship allowed the  Vikings to raid the coasts of England,
France, and Ireland.
The exploitive orientation stimulated the segregating and hoarding orientations, as local kingdoms reacted to
the pressures generated by Viking raids.  This local specialized development gradually stimulated the
emergence of local aristocracy and local centers of knowledge and skill.  The refining orientation began to
dominate in many city states, not just in places like Flanders, but in Italian city states like Florence.  This
return to the refining orientation and its classical temper is called the "Renaissance."

Just as the high point of the Greek refining orientation, and its classical temper, stimulated an increase in the
receptive and imperial (glutinous) orientations, and finally the marketing and utilizing orientations, as
Classical civilization developed into Hellenic, Roman and finally Byzantine and Moslem extension of Greek
Classical Set Points (cultural models), so the refining orientation of Florence, Flanders, Elizabethan England
would stimulate the receptive and glutinous orientations that would manifest in French absolutism, Spanish
and Portuguese Empire, British and French and Dutch Empire.  At the same time art and literature began to
pass from the classical temper to the baroque and rococo (glutinous).

The gradual emergence of the Thermos level of civic and national organization, out of the Demos, brought
with it the increasing emergence of the marketing and utilizing orientations, the former characterized more by
the capitalist and consumer populist political modes and the later by the socialist, egalitarian, and
democratic.  This stimulated the emergence of the realist and naturalist tempers in art (normally associated
with the utilizing orientation).

Africa, South and Central America, and the Pacific were subject to exploration by the expanding Spanish,
Portuguese, French, Dutch, and British empires.  Cultures in these regions were generally at the Anthros, or
early Demos levels of organization.  The presence of these primitive cultures, many in the primitive glutinous
(food gathering), productive or exploitative orientations, stimulated conflict between these emerging empires
and drew these empires into the exploitive mode in the race to obtain the largest share of available plunder
(to feed their glutinous imperial needs).  These new outbreaks of exploitive activity, and the pressures and
conflicts associated with them, stimulated a temporary return to the refining and segregating orientations in
the form of the Enlightenment, as well as a return to the classical temper in the form of Neoclassical art.

The impact of cultures still in the productive mode on cultures in the refining mode stimulated a new
emergence of artistic temper in the form of the romantic, the symbolic, and later the primitive (glutinous
consumption by empire of its primitive gathering elements) mode of the Post-Impressionist.  The further
development of the isolating and segregating orientations as a result of the rise of nationalism and
republicanism, stimulated the emergence of the impressionist temper.  Finally, the effect of increased activity
in the marketing orientation and the rise of consumer capitalism stimulated the expressionist temper in art.

As the Electros, and Astros began to emerge from the Thermos, increasing amounts of individualism and
segregating orientation activity could be seen, supporting the technical and information specialization
needed to facilitate the emergence of these higher levels.  Conflicts between the Anthros, Demos, Thermos,
and Electros levels of organization, and the aristocracy supporting the organization at various levels,
generated major conflicts in the form of  World War I and II.  Da Da, Cubist, and various forms of Abstract
and Abstract Expressionist art were manifestations of these developments and demonstrated tempers
appropriate to the new forms of exploitive and segregating orientation that were emerging.          

Effective set points require the healthy functioning of all levels of organization.  A healthy functioning
productive orientation gets its energy at the Axios and Protos levels from sources such as sunlight.  It
recycles necessary minerals at the Atomos and Zymos levels and preserves genetic information at the Bios
and Psychos levels.  A healthy functioning exploitive orientation is healthy at the Anthros level and obtains
materials and energy from the productive orientation without destroying that orientation, or the organization
that supports it.  The segregating and refining orientations also support a healthy Anthros that does not
damage the exploitive and productive orientations that support them.  The Demos and Thermos of the
receptive and glutinous orientations are equally healthy and obtain energy from supporting refining and
exploitive orientations without damage to these orientations and their supportive organizational structure at
all lower levels of order and energy and material collection.  Finally, the Thermos, Electros, Astros, Synos,
and all emerging higher levels of organization, of the marketing and utilizing orientations, are equally healthy
and supportive of the orientations that feed them at all levels of supporting systems process.

Dysfunctions, such as those associated with Hitler, Stalin, Saddam, seem to involve unhealthy Anthros
behavior of the tribal and exploitive type, supported by receptive and glutinous (even marketing) orientations
that are totalitarian and imperial in character.  These tribal and imperial systems tend to avoid normal
utilizing, segregating, and refining processes necessary for healthy set points.  They are weak at the Anthros
and Demos level in all but the expansion of the segregating orientation into the exploitive, glutinous,  and
receptive.  They compensate for this weakness by technical competence at the emerging Electros, Astros,
Synos, Nymphos, Daimonos, and Titanos levels.  These local tyrants operate tribal and imperial systems that
are parasites on higher levels of organization, much as a virus, bacterium, fungus, nematode, tapeworm can
live as a  parasite on higher organisms.

Because of its situation as an island kingdom, as a world sea power, England, and the English language
Anthros, Demos, and Thermos, have been able to preserve much of their integrity and hold that integrity
against emerging conflicts at the Thermos and Electros levels.  This isolation has kept them from infection
with many of the tribal and imperial parasites operating on the continent.  Even so, their overseas activity has
often become imperial and glutinous, they have been drawn into conflicts over empire, and finally created the
greatest overseas imperial system known in history: the British Commonwealth.  The American Demos has
been subjected to a similar experience as a subunit of the larger system driven by printed English, broadcast
English, data processing English.  Anthros (oral language) based communication is  taken to written, printed,
broadcast, programing, and Internet  levels and beyond (Demos, Thermos, Electros, Astros, Synos).

A diagram showing the relationship of some of these Athros/Demos based Thermos/Electros systems might
work as follows:

Right cerebral hemisphere, cingulate, frontal, motor area, central sulcus, somatosensory, parietal, temporal
occipital
                                            FLUX
                               MALAY-INDONESIAN**
                    Source: Languages of Tropical Rainforest
        variation                                                                 ground
    CONCENTRATION          transcend                        CONNECTION
     JAPANESE*                       HINDI*                              (TIBETAN)
       conserve                                                                purpose
                         Ideal: South Asian Languages                   
Free: Oceanic Area                                                                            Mix: Southeast Asian
Languages                 Individual              LAW                                collective             Languages
         ENGLISH****                 ARABIC***                         CHINESE****
                 Separate: Mediterranean        Order: Central Asian
               Languages                        Languages  
                           ITALIAN*            FRENCH**  
                     Result: Northern European Languages
      form                                                                  sameness
 DISCONNECTION          measure                        DISTRIBUTION
     (SWEDISH, DANISH)  DUTCH  GERMAN**          RUSSIAN**
        action           SPANISH*** - PORTUGUESE**         development
                            Perform: East Asian Languages
                            Latin American Languages
                                             FLUX
                               MALAY-INDONESIAN**

    L E G E N D:
VERY DOMINANT ANTHROS-DEMOS-THERMOS****, DOMINANT***MAJOR PRINTED LANGUAGE**
REGIONALLY DOMINANT LANGUAGE* (MINOR ANTHROS-DEMOS with important global role) STATUS
UNCERTAIN
Groups of Languages with Regional

B R A I N  F U N C T I O N  L E G E N D:
From outer autonomic and reticulate to basal ganglia and cerebral association in inner center, Left to Right
of Chart,
Left hemisphere, cingulate, frontal, broca's, motor area, central sulcus, somatosensory, parietal, temporal,
occipital

The Japanese Anthros-Demos-Thermos-Electros is playing the role of the creative concentration point for
the world system, the language system most willing to absorb and consider new ideas.  This Japanese
Demos is very heavy on the utilizing, segregating and refining orientations, as well social habits bound in
receptive orientation traditions.  The strength of this social core is probably one source of the ability of the
Japanese system to absorb technical and scientific ideas.

In contrast, the Arabic Athros-Demos-Thermos-Electros is playing the role of the Demos least ready to
accept the ideas of the West.  It tends to fixate on the Koran and traditional Islamic law and culture.  The
shattered character of the old Moslem Caliphate, its segregation into numerous separate states: Tunisia,
Morocco, Algeria, Egypt, Sudan, Arabia, Jordan, Palestine, Syria, Iraq, Libya, etc., under the influence of
various foreign language systems, Italian in Libya, English in Egypt, French in Syria, Spanish in parts of
Morocco, this has generated a degree of instability that makes it difficult for the Arabic Demos to find an
effective way of integrating new ideas.  The instability tends to stimulate a retreat to exploitative, hoarding,
and receptive orientations that encourage dependent, masochistic, and compulsive response systems that
make it difficult for this Demos to adapt to new situations.

The English language Demos-Thermos-Electros-Astros-Synos has become the model for the individualistic
approach to organizational emergence.  There is great emphasis on local debate, local analysis and various
aspects of the segregating orientation perfected in the city states of ancient Greece and later in the British
Parliament, the colonial assemblies of the British colonies and in the academic institutions of the English
speaking world: Oxford, Cambridge, Harvard, Yale, etc.  Associated with this Demos are notions developed
by Charles Darwin, such as "natural selection" and by Adam Smith, the "free market."  The access of the
English Demos-Thermos-Electros-Astros-Synos, through London, Washington, New York, Johnson Space
Center in Houston, to the great sea of water, air, and space is probably one source of its ability to emphasize
individualism, segregation, analysis.  The sea of water, air, and space allows it to integrate, mix, and join
where and when it chooses.

In contrast, the Chinese language Demos-Thermos-Electros-Astros-Synos has remained the model for the
collective approach to organizational emergence.  Even in its embrace of the capitalist free market, the
Chinese Demos remains far more collectivist and biased toward receptive and hoarding orientations than
almost any of the segments and aspects of the English language social system.  The Chinese language
Demos tends to have access to the ocean, and the sea of space, only from major cities and ports like Hong
Kong.  The Chinese conceptual system is built more upon the notion of the state than the notion of the
individual.  Its geography tends to be focused on a central core of continental basins drained by long rivers
like the Yellow River.  The inability of China to easily escape these basins and the vulnerability of these
basins to attack from the grasslands and steppes beyond is a historical theme of the Chinese Demos.  Thus
the English Demos encourages the narcissistic, and in its American and Australian variant, the histrionic,
antisocial, sadistic.  The Chinese Demos is more dependent, borderline, masochistic, compulsive, passive
aggressive.  In its Buddhist and Daoist (Taoist) variants, even schizotypal.

The Hindi language Demos is much more loosely organized at its edges, more tightly organized at its deep
core.  It is associated with the Anthros and Demos organization of a number of South Asian languages and
cultures rooted in the Hindu forms in "Sanskrit," and in the Theravada Buddhist, in "Pali."  These Anthros and
Demos systems preserve the refining and receptive orientations that support the remains of an number of
ancient cultures and empires dating from the empire of Asoka and the empire of the Guptas.  They preserve
a number of cultural systems that are resisting, at some level, religious, philosophical, social, the full impact
of Western scientific and social ideas.  One of the sources of the conservative character of these Anthros
and Demos systems is the role that the Himalayas have played in protecting South Asian language systems
from invasion and conquest, prior to Islam and the Portuguese, French, and English.  Language systems of
the Himalayas and Tibet provide a transition between South Asia and the Chinese language system.

The geography of Northern Europe has been exposed to constant invasion both by land and sea.  Northern
Europe has developed Anthros and Demos systems that are rivals for dominance in technology and
science.  As a result, the Anthros and Demos systems of Europe are tipped more toward science and
technology and the utilizing and marketing orientations.  If the Hindi language has deep roots in Sanskrit and
in local Anthros and Demos systems, the Dutch, French, German, Danish put greater emphasis on
expansion into the Electros, Astros, Synos and beyond.
Of these systems, the GERMAN, RUSSIAN, FRENCH, and SPANISH are most important.  The FRENCH is
more conservative and tipped more toward the socialist and democratic utilizing orientation.  The SPANISH is
more commercial and expressive and tipped more toward the marketing orientation (with many exceptions,
note Cuba).
The RUSSIAN tends to be more collectivist, and the GERMAN, in its current development (post-Hitler), more
Individualist (lead by the Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, and Dutch Anthros-Demos-Thermos, with which the
GERMAN is associated, through the European Union and NATO).

This system is far from perfect, but we can see how these systems tend to order themselves geographically.  
A similar order appears to correlate with brain architecture, working from lower brain autonomic and
reticulate at the outside toward upper brain basal ganglia and cerebral association at the inner center of the
diagram, the top representing the right hemisphere of the cerebrum (meaning and connection emphasis)
and the bottom representing the left hemisphere (fact and language).   The left side of the diagram as
cingulate and frontal lobe, moving toward Broca's, motor area, somatosensory, parietal, temporal, and
occipital lobes.

These tempers, orientations, systems functions, seem to cluster together in certain patterns:

                                           FLUX (Revolutionary)
        variation                                                                 ground
                                  Source: Genetic Mutation
                        Productive Orientation (Maring of New Guinea)
                                    Romantic (Gothic) Temper
                                     Ecological Emphasis
                                     Aboriginal Type
CONCENTRATION (Aristocratic)        transcend                CONNECTION (Monarchy, Theocracy)
                             Ideal: Set Point, Thermostat
                           Refining Orientation (Ancient Athens)
                                       Classical Temper
                                      Noble Emphasis
                                      Exemplary Type
               conserve                                                                  purpose
Free: Natural Selection, Extinction                                                                     Mix: Recombination, Gene Pool
Exploitive Orientation (Vikings)                                                         Glutinous Orientation (Spanish Empire)           Da Da
(Cubist) Temper                                                                Symbolist  Postimpressionist) Temper           Liberty
Emphasis                                                                                                     Union Emphasis
Free Enterprise Type                                                                                               Imperial Type, also
Food-Gathers
                                                                         exploited by empire
         individual                  LAW (Constitutional)              collective
          Separate: Analysis of Input           Order: Feed Back Mechanism
    Segregating and Hoarding Orientations             Receptive Orientation   
                     Impressionist Temper                     Baroque Temper
      Federal Emphasis (Swiss Republic)        Absolutist Emphasis (Louis XIV)
              Republican Type                            Bureaucratic Type
     form                                                                          sameness
                               Result: Traits and Property Measures
                                   Utilizing Orientation
                             Realistic (Naturalistic) Temper
                       Democratic Emphasis (Modern Sweden)
                              Pragmatic Industrial Type

   DISCONNECTION (Capitalism)   measurement                    DISTRIBUTION (Socialism)

                            Perform: Adaptation and Phenotype
                                  Marketing Orientation
                                    Expressionist Temper
                           Populist Emphasis (Modern Florida)
                                         Consumer Type
        action                                                                         development
                                      FLUX (Revolutionary)

Indo-European tribes develop mutant cultural ideas in the productive orientation and carry these ideas with
them as they expand in the exploitive orientation, becoming expert at tribal warfare.  The ancient Dorian
Greeks are examples that fit this model.  Later, the Greeks would settle down and develop local towns and
city states.  These states would become part of trading organizations.  The Greek cities became rivals with
other Mediterranean city states, as the marketing orientation began to overwhelm the exploitive orientation.  
Consolidation of power among city states, the absorption of city states into larger kingdoms, eventually
empires like those of Persia, Alexander the Great, finally Roman and Byzantium, brought greater emphasis
on the imperial assimilation/glutinous orientation.

As these practices stabilized, city states would isolate, developing their own unique successful combinations
of ideas.  Gradually, as these ideas were perfected, first the segregating, hoarding,  and then the refining
orientation took hold, establishing a Classical temper Set Point of ideas and models in culture, politics,
philosophy, literature, drama, and art.  These set points were emulated and absorbed by developing
empires, those of the Hellenic states, Rome, Byzantium, etc.  Feed back mechanics were established to
maintain order, to assure adherence to the idealized set points over larger and larger complexes of cities,
countryside, and communication and transportation systems.  At this point, the receptive orientation began to
triumph over the refining orientation and republicanism and aristocracy were replaced by various
combinations of totalitarian, bureaucratic, militaristic, and theocratic practice.  We see this as we pass from
Democratic and Republican Athens (and Early Rome) to Classical Athens, Hellenic Empire and Hellenic
imperial glutinous and assimilating states, early and late Roman Empire and Byzantine Empire.   

At lower levels of organization, Anthros, Demos, early Thermos, utilizing and marketing orientations are more
limited, found mainly in the early and late phases of the imperial development cycle.  At higher levels of
organization, Electros, Astros, Synos, the utilizing and marketing orientations, the democratic and populist
emphasis come to play a more and more important role in the cycles of mutation and set point system
establishment and renewal.                                                
Even so, the set point system cycle is always subject to predation and parasitism.  It is always possible for
fringe systems to develop methods of conquest and attack that allow them to capture and overthrow
vulnerable elements of evolving organizational complexes and absorb them into rogue empires like those of
Stalin, Hitler,etc, that generated the internal crisis associated with World War II.  Instability within the Arabic
world is creating the opportunity for the development of chaotic systems like those that emerged within the
unstable Eurasian Demos-Thermos in the early and mid 20th Century.  Problems increase when this
instability draws unstable elements with more organized Demos-Thermos-Electos-Astros systems, like those
of the US, UK, NATO, UN into this chaos in ways that are destructive to the larger emerging order.


Lets look in depth at our systems model:
                                                     Fixed

                              Constant                        Principle

                 Conservation                Ideal                     System

            Preservation   Essence                  Depth               Complete

Self       Infinitesimal                            Eternal                 Infinite          Whole

Preservation  Differentiation   Source                                   Possible           Ground       Complete

Conservation  Peculiar    Novel                          Magic                     Indefinite     Universal       System

Constant  Isolation  Disagreement          Irregular        Fluid                   Medium         Inclusion     Principle
Fixed      Analysis        Locus      Freedom          Energy              Mixture           Space            Order        Fixed
Structure  Segment  Exclusion        Motion                            Change             Assembly      Agreement  Regular

Definite         Local       Break                       Expression                Expenditure   Average          Sameness

Figure      Process         Surface                       Accident             Distribution    Equal

   Part          Finite                     Time                      Measurable      Group

         Figure           Reality                        Product              Equal

                    Definite                     Result                    Sameness

                                  Structure                    Regular

                                                     Fixed  

Now lets flip the model and look at it from the back:

                                                Energy

                            Change                        Motion

          Expenditure                 Expression               Break

      Distribution     Accident                        Surface              Process       

  Group     Measurable                 Time                      Finite            Part              

Distribution     Equal    Product                      Reality     Figure             Process  

Expenditure          Average     Sameness  Result      Definite         Local                Break
Change   Assembly      Agreement  Regular                 Structure    Segment        Exclusion  Motion
Energy        Mixture      Space        Order    Fixed       Analysis          Locus               Freedom      Energy
Fluid       Medium              Inclusion          Principle         Constant         Isolation     Disagreement  Irregular
Indefinite         Universal   System      Ideal         Conservation      Peculiar      Novel

        Ground     Complete   Depth      Essence      Preservation  Differentiation  

        Whole          Infinite           Eternal            Infinitesimal    Self

              Ground    Possible           Source   Differentiation

                            Indefinite      Magic        Novel

                                         Fluid        Irregular

                                               Energy

If the chart above is flipped and goes from right to left, rather than left to right, it will look like some of those
at the beginning of our series so we have:
six faces of a cube: self to group, fixed to energy, whole to part
eight corners of a cube, ideal to expression, magic to result, analysis to mixture, freedom to order
twelve edges of a cube, eternal to time, locus to space, conservation to expenditure, novel to sameness
system to break, indefinite to definite
these are broken down in turn into infinite to finite, infinitesimal to measurable, peculiar to average, local to
universal
principle to motion, complete to process, ground to figure, fluid to structure, differentiation to equal, irregular
to regular, change to constant, preservation to distribution.
the angles of the cube are essence to accident, source to product, isolation to assembly, disagreement to
agreement
surface to depth, inclusion to exclusion, possible to reality, medium to segment

another set of angles should appear
off of Magic should be power and mixture haze and expression vulgar and freedom revolution as opposed to
Result and stability, analysis and accuracy, Ideal and code, order and regulation
these are not showing up in the above model because of the effects of flattening and stretching, thus:

                                                     Energy

                                                     Power

                                                      Magic

            Self          Infinitesimal    Eternal            Infinite      Whole

                                                     Ideal
         Peculiar                                                                    Universal           
                                                    Code

Energy Revolution Freedom Locus Analysis Accuracy  Fixed   Regulation Order Space Mixture Haze Energy

                                                      Stability
           Local                                                                         Average  
                                                      Result

                Part        Finite                 Time         Measurable      Group

                                                   Expression

                                                         Vulgar

                                                        Energy

As you may have noted, the version shown above is the basic prototype for most of the presentations of this
model used on this web site!

But consider the following:
Group                                                                 Group                                                                            Group

Equal                                                           Agreement                                                                 
Average                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Sameness                                            
Order                                                                                                                                           Space                                                                     
    Regular                                        Inclusion                                            
Universal                                                                                
              Fixed           Principle           System          Complete          Whole

               Constant                           Depth                           Infinite

     Structure        Conservation             Ideal              Eternal            Ground
                                  
                                     Preservation  Essence   Infinitesimal

 Group    finite  Segment Analysis Isolation Self Source Magic Possible  Indefinite   Group
Product Result Reality                                                                                               Medium Mixture Assembly
                                        Peculiar Disagreement Differentiation

          Figure                Locus        Freedom           Novel                 Fluid

                             Local                Exclusion              Irregular

           Part             Process             Break           Motion               Energy                                       

  Finite                                                  Surface                                        Change

Time                                                         Expression                                         Expenditure

Measurable                                                       Accident                                                      Distribution

Group                                                                  Group                                                                           
Group                                                          

We could do more work to fill this pattern in, but the basic square above should be familiar to us as Aristotle's
Four causes, the material (indefinite), the pattern cause (definite), the motion cause (break), and the
purpose cause (system).

                                                               Whole
There is one more of these:                        Medium
                                                          Mixture
                                                         Assembly  
                                  Flux  Change Expenditure Distribution     Group
                                                        Accident
                             Irregular              Expression                   Equal
                                                               Surface
                          Novel                        Part                        Sameness
                                                         Segment
                            Differentiation        Analysis                     Regular
                                                         Isolation
                          Self   Preservation Conservation Constant  Fixed   
                                                             Essence
                                                                 Ideal
                                                               Depth
                                                              Whole

In this case, we move from novel differentiation to preservation and conservation to regularness and
equalness to expenditure.  This is a seed that is differentiated, falls on the soil and is preserved, reproduces
the regular features of its kind and expends its energy to differentiate a new flower, thus we have the natural
cycle of reproduction, growth, differentiation, and recycling and storage.  

Consider the following model:

ANALYSIS to SYNTHESIS corner                PERMANENT to TEMPORARY edge             MODEL to DECAY
corner

DISCRIMINATION                     PRISTINE               PERMANENT          GOODNESS              SUBJECT
glue                                     influx                     temporary                spoil                       expression
INVESTIGATION  ELEMENTAL  SIMPLICITY  PURITY  REFINEMENT GUIDE  MODEL  PARADIGM    IDEA     
MEANING
tangle       composite        compound   mixture   adulteration  metamorphosis  decay      ruin   implications
appearance
ANALYSIS                             CLARITY                  STANDARD            IDEAL                     SERIOUSNESS
synthesis                              haze                          alteration               depravity                 shadow
DIAGNOSIS                          PRECISION                PRINCIPLE           VIRTUE                   FULLNESS
confusion                              fog                             mutation               degradation            hollow
DETERMINATION CERTAINTY ACCURACY CORRECT LAW RULE RIGHTEOUS CONSUMMATION SATIETY
FILLING
noise               chance         error            mistake      accident  transformation      fad elimination   empty     
hole
DEFINITION                         RIGOUR                      CODE                   PERFECTION         COMPLETE
chaos                                   rift                               disaster                process                   incomplete
FORMLESS to FORM edge                      FIXED to FLUX  face                             PERFECTION to PROCESS
edge

FRAMEWORK                      FIXED                         REGULATION      FULFILLMENT        FINISHED
dissolution                            flux                             catastrophe          motion                     partial
STRUCTURE SKELETON   RIGIDITY  STABILITY CONTROL  DIRECTION      GOAL VECTOR      SYSTEM  
ENTIRE
substance        liquid                melt       force          explosion   revolution        action   scatter       fragment    
piece
CONSTITUTION                  INERTIA                      MANAGEMENT       TERMINATION       INTEGRITY
potential                             energy                       expulsion                  eruption                breakage
PROPERTY                        SUBMISSION              GOVERNMENT        CLOSURE            INTEGRATION
opportunity                         power                         wildness                   openness             disruption
RESOURCE NECESSITY REQUIREMENT RESTRICT UNIFORM REPEAT SEQUENCE ORDER ORGANIZE
DIVERSION
problem        sufficiency   capacity             ability          diversity   adventure  experiment  freedom  liberate
incorporate
SCARCITY                         UNIMAGINATIVE          HOMOGENEITY      HARMONY           CONTRACT
wealth                                imagination                  variation                  contrast                release

PRODUCTIVITY to PRODUCT corner       SAMENESS to DIFFERENCE edge                   ORDER to
FREEDOM corner

POVERTY                         CORRESPONDENCE  SAMENESS            PROPORTION
multiplication                      creativity                      difference              exaggeration
BARREN   PRODUCT  CONSEQUENCE    COPY       RESEMBLANCE   EVEN  SYMMETRY COMPACT
proliferation productivity    generation invention               innovation uneven       asymmetry license
YIELD                               EFFECT                     ROUTINE                AGREEMENT
mainspring                        cause                          novelty                    eccentric
SAMPLE                          DERIVATIVE               HABITUAL               CONSENSUS
source                             start                             unusual                  peculiar
REPRESENTATIVE TRIBUTARY COLLATERAL IMITATIVE TYPICAL CUSTOMARY CONFORMITY
TOLERANCE
ultimate                   basis            root                  original       extraordinary  rare        odd     alienation
SUBSEQUENT                  SECONDARY             FAMILY                    COMMUNITY
fundamental                       primary                     uniqueness               stranger

REPRESENTATIVE to ULTIMATE edge             SELF to ASSEMBLY face     INDIVIDUALITY to
CONGREGATION edge     
TRIVIAL                             COMMONNESS         SOCIETY                  COOPERATION
importance                        genius                       singularity                  autonomous
PEONAGE HUMBLE SHARING MOB ASSEMBLY ASSOCIATION RELATIONSHIP CONGREGATION
superiority weight      density    identity self          character         personality          individuality
DEPENDENT                    FRATERNITY            DISTRIBUTION           ACCIDENT
independent                     solitary                       concentration            essence
COMBINATION                   INVOLVEMENT         DISBURSE                 ROGUE
isolated                             seclusion                   save                          critical
MERGER COMMITMENT ALLEGIANCE RISK EXPOSURE DIFFUSION WASTE PERFORMANCE
sequester aloof                 reserved       safety protection  hoard          precious  theme
ATTACHMENT                 INVESTMENT              WEAR                     SQUANDER
detach                              storage                       maintenance           value

ANALYSIS to SYNTHESIS corner          TEMPORARY to PERMANENT edge        MODEL to DECAY corner
I
GLUE                                INFLUX                       TEMPORARY         SPOIL
discrimination                    pristine                        permanent             goodness


In the model shown above, we are turning a cube from the FIXED to ASSEMBLY face, it will continue on from
flux to self.  We need to turn the cube to the side in order to display the Fixed to Flux faces:

UNIFORMITY                    CONTROL                    LAW                   REFINEMENT
diversity                            explosion                      accident            adulteration                                           
HOMOGENEITY GOVERNMENT MANAGEMENT REGULATION CODE PRINCIPLE STANDARD PERMANENT
variation              wildness            explosion          catastrophe     disaster mutation alteration       temporary
REPETITION                     DIRECTION                   RULE                 GUIDE
adventure                         revolution                       transformation   metamorphosis
SEQUENCE                       GOAL                           RIGHTEOUSNESS  MODEL
experiment                         action                           fad                     decay
HARMONY CLOSURE TERMINATION FULFILLMENT PERFECTION VIRTUE IDEAL GOODNESS    
contrast      openness   eruption          motion            process           degradation depravity spoil
ORDER                            VECTOR                        CONSUMMATION       PARADIGM
freedom                            scatter                           elimination                ruin

FREEDOM to ORDER corner        MOTION to FULFILLMENT edge                     MODEL to DECAY corner

ORGANIZATION                SYSTEM                        SATIETY                  IDEA
liberation                         fragment                        empty                    implications
CONTRACT INTEGRATION INTEGRITY FINISHED COMPLETE FULLNESS SERIOUSNESS SUBJECT
release         disruption         breakage    partial       incomplete  hollow         shadow             expression
INCORPORATION              ENTIRE                         FILLING                 MEANING
diversion                           piece                              hole                       appearance
ASSIMILATION                   TOTAL                          CENTER                SIGNIFICANCE
expulsion                           portion                           projection              image
ACCEPTANCE INCLUSION ABSORPTION WHOLE HEART DEPTH CONTENT   BEYOND
ejection            exclusion     splinter           part        fringe   surface  periphery   manifest
COMPREHENSIVE           COSMIC                         PROFOUND           SPIRIT
exception                         locality                           shallow                   reflection

INDIVIDUALITY to CONGREGATION edge    WHOLE to PART face    REPRESENTATIVE to ULTIMATE edge

UNIVERSAL                     ONENESS                      BOTTOMLESS       INVISIBLE
local                                   barrier                           bottom                   visible
COLLECTION COMMUNICATION CONNECTION BRIDGE BOUNDLESS INFINITE IMMEASURABLE
TRANSCENDENT     distinction       compartment          section            partition   boundary     finite       
measurable          demonstration                                CONJUNCTION                 LINKAGE                       
LIMITLESS             INTANGIBLE
segments                          division                          limit                        tangible
FUSION                             MEDIUM                        INDEFINITE           UNCONDITIONED
segregation                      category                         outline                   conditioned
UNION GENERAL VAGUE AMORPHOUS SUBSTANCE POSSIBILITY FANTASY INEXHAUSTIBLE
separation particular specific morphology shape          attribute         fact           exhaustible
WEB                                 BACKGROUND               FORMLESS           MIRACLE
dissection                         detail                               form                       reality

ANALYSIS to SYNTHESIS corner           FORMLESS to FORM  edge       PRODUCTIVITY to PRODUCT corner

TANGLE                           NOISE                              SUBSTANCE         RESOURCE
investigation                    determination                    structure              problem
GLUE    SYNTHESIS       CONFUSION   CHAOS DISSOLUTION POTENTIAL OPPORTUNITY
WEALTH                         discrimination analysis   diagnosis          definition framework   constitution            
property problem


So the summary of the above would look like this:                                                                        

                       FLUX

 difference   Productivity  formless

SELF                          ultimate                    WHOLE

 permanent   Model          perfection

FLUX   Freedom  individuality      Analysis     FIXED    Order     congregation   Synthesis FLUX

   form            Product      sameness

PART                       representative           ASSEMBLY

   process       Decay          temporary

                       FLUX

This is arranged on four faces of a cube as follows:

                  THE TEMPORARY EDGE
THE SYNTHESIS CORNER   Attach       Utilize           Expend       Spoil    THE DECAY CORNER


       Community Association Distribution Trivial

                      THE ASSEMBLY  FACE                                           
       Consensus Resemble Sample Represent


THE  ORDER CORNER            Proportion     Copy            Effect      Yield     THE PRODUCT CORNER

                        THE SAMENESS EDGE
Union  Inclusion Communicate Organize    Harmony    Govern      Submit  Property Fact Tangible
Appearance Shadow


Background Comprehensive Total  Finish  Goal     Control           Stable    Constitution Form  Limit   
Outside     Empty

THE WHOLE FACE THE   PERFECTION EDGE   THE FIXED FACE  THE FORM EDGE  THE PART FACE  
Formless     Limitless        Inside      Full      Virtue    Code         Accurate Determinate Detail Division Portion
Unfinished

Fantasy Transcend Significance Meaning   Model   Purity  Clarity  Discriminate Separate Disjunction
Expulsion Release

                          THE PERMANENT EDGE
THE MODEL CORNER              Value   Protect          Storage         Detach  THE ANALYSIS CORNER   


        Essence  Concentration Solitary Individual

                          THE SELF FACE
        Archetype   Root           Unique    Different


         Supply      Cause         Variance   Asymmetry

                            THE DIFFERENCE EDGE
THE PRODUCTIVITY CORNER    Resource   Power        Revolution   Contrast  THE FREEDOM CORNER   


          Dissolve      Melt             Explosion   Eruption

                            THE FLUX FACE
           Noise          Error        Mutation   Degradation


THE SYNTHESIS CORNER    Tangle        Haze          Temporary      Spoil    THE DECAY CORNER          
                          
                             THE TEMPORARY EDGE

Thus we have the six faces of a cut open cube, the eight corners of a cut open cube, the twelve edges of the
cut open cube.    According to the symbolism that we have been using,

THE EIGHT CORNERS:                                                                         
PRODUCTIVITY =  HEAVEN,  Romantic temper, Productive Orientation, Magic, Artemis, Athena, Poseidon
PRODUCT = EARTH, Realistic temper, Utilizing Orientation, Science, Hermes and Hestia (Zeus)
MODEL = AIR, Classical temper, Refining Orientation, Metaphysics, Athena and Hephaestus (Hera)
DECAY = DUST, Expressionist temper, Marketing Orientation, Business, Ares and Aphrodite (Hermes)
FREEDOM = FIRE, Da Da, Cubist temper, Exploitive Orientation, Design, Apollo and Artemis (Ares)
ORDER = WOOD, Baroque temper, Receptive Orientation, Government, Hephaestus, Hestia, Demeter
ANALYSIS = SALT, Impressionist temper, Segregating Orientation, Logic, Mathematics, Zeus and Hera
(Apollo)
SYNTHESIS = WATER, Post-Impressionist, Eclectic temper, Hoarding Orientation, Story, Literature, Demeter
and Poseidon (Aphrodite)

THE SIX FACES:
SELF = HOT, Volcano, Zen, Phenomenology, Aristocracy (Japan)  (Anterior Cerebrum, Frontal Lobes)
(Uranus) (Sky Father)
ASSEMBLY = COLD, River Delta Sediment, Education, Social Welfare, Socialism (China) (Posterior, Parietal
Lobes), (Gaia) (Earth Mother)

FIXED = FRAMEWORK, Continental Desert Mountains, Scholarship, Legalism (Iran) (Association areas in
Cerebrum) (Cronus) (Established System based on Mt. Olympus)
FLUX = STORM, Ocean Islands, Dance, Opera, Revolution (Samoa) (reticulate activation, autonomic nerves,
etc.)
(Rhea) (Oceanus, Titans and Monsters)

WHOLE = WET, Tropical Rainforest, Religion, Monarchy (Thailand)  (Right Cerebral Hemisphere) (Silene)
(Dark Moon, Sleep)
PART = DRY, Arctic Tundra, Engineering, Capitalism, Federalism (Sweden) (Left Cerebral Hemisphere)
(Helios) (Bright Sun, Wakeful)

Note that Yellow Bile, Choleric Temper is also FIRE, Black Bile, Melancholic Temper is also EARTH, Blood,
Sanguine Temper is also AIR, and the Phlegmatic temper is also WATER.  These four faces of the cube are
also the four faces of an Earth, Air, Fire, Water tetrahedron.  The vertexes of the tetrahedron are the
Heaven, Dust, Wood, Salt opposites of the four faces.  The edges of the tetrahedron are the six faces of the
cube: Self, Assembly, Fixed, Flux, Whole and Part.

References:

Look at some of the basic works on Complexity Theory, for example M. Mitchell Waldrop, "Complexity," Simon
& Schuster, 1992, p. 119, the similarity in the evolution of technical systems and biological systems, p. 145,
complex systems in ants, cells, ecology, brains, etc. p. 169 hierarchical aspect of complex organizational
development, p. 193, the movement from chaos to order.

Roger Lewin, "Complexity," Macmillan, 1992, p. 188, communities developing up from the edge of chaos,
from chaos to order, p. 189, global structures emerging from local relationships.

Refer to the work of Gregory Bateson.  Consider Bateson's "Steps to an Ecology of Mind," Ballantine Books,
1972, on page 429, Bateson discusses cybernetic systems, self corrective systems.  These systems consist
of input and analysis of data (Salt), set points (Air), feedback mechanisms (Wood, Glass), resulting
measurable properties (Earth), mutations in set points (Heaven), recombination and gene pools of these set
points (Water), emergence of adaptive phenotypes (Dust), and natural selection and extinction of
maladaptive set points (Fire).  Bateson discusses levels in these systems, human organism (Bios and
Psychos), human society (Anthros and Demos) and the larger ecosystem (Thermos, Electros, and beyond).  
The basic mechanisms seen above are described at the genetic level (Bios to Psychos) by Theodosius
Dobzhansky in "Genetics and The Origin of Species," Columbia University Press, 1951,
Chapter I of this text presents the problem of mutation (Heaven). Chapter II presents the problem of
populations and gene pools (Water), Chapter IV discusses selection (Fire), Chapter V discusses feedback
mechanism that maintain gene pool homeostasis (Wood, Glass), Chapter VI discusses the emergence of
adaptive races (Dust and Earth).  Chapters VII, and VIII discuss the isolating mechanisms (Salt) that
segregate out genes from the larger gene pools into local populations and emerging species.  Chapters III,
IX, and X discuss these groups of genes as groups of set points defining adaptive models (see p. 279, for
adaptive peaks) (Air).
Refer to Charles Hampden-Turner, "Maps of the Mind," Collier Books, 1981, for some of the models used
above, for example, pp. 86-87 showing the polarity between Left Brain verbal, analytic, and Right Brain
non-verbal, holistic, synthetic, timeless.  Refer to models of the Limbic System, p. 85, choleric to phlegmatic,
melancholic to sanguine on p.79, sensory cortex and motor cortex, pp. 74-75, active (flux) to passive (fixed)
and bad (part) to good (whole) on pp.152 to153.

For material on the processing disorders, refer to Beck, Freeman, and Associates, "Cognitive Therapy of
Personality Disorders," The Guilford Press, 1990, and Theodore Millon, et. al., "Personality Disorders in
Modern Life," John Wiley and Sons, 2000, and 2004, and the DSM-III and DSM-IV (American Psychiatric







Association, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd and 4th editions, 1980 and 1994,
revised 2000).

For material on the development of Universal States, Receptive and Glutinous Orientations, Baroque and
Eclectic tempers, Glass or Wood and Water, Order and Synthesis, the collective and masochistic (as
opposed to the sadistic and individual), see Arnold J. Toynbee, " A Study of History," volume 7A, "Universal
States," Galaxy, Oxford University Press, 1963.

For the geometric layout of our model, refer to R. Buckminster Fuller, Synergetics 2, Macmillan, 1979,
particularly the charts following page 360.

For the evolutionary theory, refer to Sol Tax, ed, Evolution After Darwin, Volume 1, The Evolution of Life, U of
Chicago, 1960, with particular attention to articles by Huxley, Shapley, Rensch, Simpson, Stebbins, Axelrod
(with whom I had the pleasure to do graduate study in paleobotany in 1964), Emerson, Mayr, Waddington,
Dobzhansky, and Wright.  Note a modern presentation of these concepts in Richard Dawkins, The Ancestor's
Tale, Houghton Mifflin, 2004.
The Key to All Pattern
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FLUX Pole of Cube/
Octahedron, bottom
Yang of Trigrams, eldest
son yang, to right polar
opposite of
Fixed/Information pole,
Ruin and Spoil are
Thunder Trigram
corner at bottom right,
Freedom and Contrast
at top right are Flame
Trigram, Wealth and
Resource, top left are
Heaven Trigram, Knot
and Glue, bottom left
are Lake Trigram.
Boundless Whole Pole,
Middle son, Middle Yang
Line of I Ching Trigrams,
opposite side of cube from
Part Pole, opposite vertex
of octahedron of trigrams
Fixed Information Pole,
Eldest daughter, Bottom
Yin Line of I Ching, Yi
Jing trigrams, opposite
side of cube from Flux
Energy Pole, opposite
vertex of octahedron
Part Pole, Middle
daughter, Middle Yin
Line
Above is the Boundless Whole
Pole of the Cube and
Octahedron of all things.  To
the left is the Social Group
Pole, the Youngest Daughter,
the top trigram line Yin.  It is
the opposite of the Singular
Self pole, the top Youngest
Son line Yang.  In the upper left
hand corner above is the
Water Pit Trigram corner of
the Cube.  Below and to the
left is the Lake Trigram corner
of the Cube, face of the
Octahedron, the synthesis, the
water face/ cube corner.
Above is Part Pole and
to the Right is Social
Group Pole to the upper
right is the Earth Trigram
and to the lower right is
the Thunder Trigram.  
The Thunder Trigram is
made up of three lines,
the top yin line from the
Social Group pole to the
right, the middle yin line
from the Part Pole,
above and below, and
the bottom yang line from
the Flux Energy Pole to
the right and below:
Here we see the Four Trigrams that group around the Social Group face of the
cube of all things, vertex of the octahedron of all things.  All four share the top
lineyoungest daughter yin of the Social Group face/vertex.  These four are Earth
to the top left, Water Pit to the top right, Thunder to the bottom left and Lake to
the bottom right.
The Cube is flattened and shown as a rolled out octahedron, the
Part, Whole, Self, Group, Flux, and Fixed faces are each a
octahedron vertex, and the eight trigram corners are eight faces of
the flattened octahedron, with Speak as Thunder Trigram, Free as
Flame Trigram, Mind as Mountain Trigram, Earth as Fact Trigram,
Feel as Lake Trigram, Fate as Water Pit Trigram, Model as Wind
Trigram, and Magic as Heaven Trigram.
Dissection and Investigation above
are the Mountain Trigram, Problem
and condition above right are Earth
Trigram, Order and Organization,
further right are Water Pit Trigram,
While Ideal and Paradigm, far right,
above, are Wind Trigram. Mountain
is the opposite corner from Lake,
Water Pit from Flame, Wind from
Thunder and Heaven from Earth.
Symmetry and Harmony to right
are Water Pit and Scarcity and
Poverty below are Earth
DANCE                               MYTHOLOGY                    RELIGION                         MYTHOLOGY                        DANCE
RITUAL                                            ASTROLOGY                SCRIPTURE                                    POETRY
                                                    WORSHIP     DOGMA                                           

    MAGIC                                                                                                   LITERATURE




MEDITATION                     THEOLOGY                        ETHICS                           IDEOLOGY                 JOURNALISM


TANTRA                                              METAPHYSICS                  GOVERNMENT                           PROPAGANDA

         VEDANTA             AXIOLOGY                     LAW                      POLITICS                    
PHENOMENOLOGY                       PHILOSOPHY   SCHOLARSHIP    HISTORY                                       
EDUCATION                                  EPISTEMOLOGY       LOGIC                          LINGUISTICS         SOCIOLOGY

ZEN                                                     MATHEMATICS                    ANTHROPOLOGY                         MARKETING


MEDITATION                        DESIGN                         SCIENCE                                ECONOMICS     JOURNALISM



   ART                                                                                                       BUSINESS

                                           CYBERNETICS   PSYCHOLOGY
MUSIC                                      ENGINEERING                      INDUSTRY                        ENTERTAINMENT
DANCE                  CRAFT                                    TECHNOLOGY                              CRAFT                         DANCE

______________________________________________________________________________________________

LEGEND:
Six faces of cube, vertex of octahedron: Phenomenology to Education
                                      Religion to Technology
                                      Dance to Scholarship

Eight faces of octahedron, corners of cube: Magic to Anthropology
                                             Art to Government
                                             Metaphysics to Business
                                             Mathematics to Literature
Twenty Four Angles of Octahedral Faces: Logic to Poetry
                                            Linguistics to Ritual
                                            Law to Music
                                            Axiology to Entertainment

                                             Astrology to Psychology
                                             Industry to Worship
                                             Engineering to Dogma
                                             Cybernetics to Scripture

                                             Vedanta to Marketing
                                             Epistemology to Propaganda
                                             Zen to Politics
                                             Tantra to Sociology

Twelve edges of octahedron: Science to Mythology
                       Craft to Ethics
                       
                      Meditation to History
                      Philosophy to Journalism

                      Economics to Theology
                      Ideology to Design    
                                                    

Flame Trigram = Art and Water Pit Trigram = Government, Heaven Trigram = Magic and Earth Trigram = Anthropology
Mountain Trigram = Mathematics and Lake Trigram = Literature,  Wind Trigram = Metaphysics and Thunder Trigram =
Business.  Education is Youngest Daughter Yin, Scholarship is Eldest Daughter Yin, Technology is Middle Daughter
Yin.  Religion is Middle Son Yang, Phenomenology is Youngest Son Yang, and Dance is Eldest Son Yang.

Flame, Earth, Wind, and Lake are the same as the Fire, Earth, Air, Water tetrahedron, which has its antitetrahedron of
Water Pit, Heaven, Thunder and Mountain, or Pottery (and Metal), Heaven, Noise (and Dust) and Salt.

These are the artistic tempers, Fire=Cubist to Pottery (Water Pit) =Baroque, Salt (Mountain) =Impressionist to Water
(Lake) =Post-Impressionist (also eclectic, symbolist, primitive, fashion art, thus, any complex movement based on
accretion), Air (Wind) = Classical to Noise-Dust (Thunder) =Expressionist, Heaven = Romantic to Earth = Realist.  

These are the antimonies of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason, Infinite (Heaven) to Finite (Earth), Simple (Mountain) to
Complex (Lake), Necessary Being (Idealism) (Wind/Air) to None (Pragmatism) (Thunder/Dust), Indeterminism
(Fire/Flame) to Determinism (Water Pit/Pottery), thus Source to Result, Mind to Feeling, Model to Expression, Free to
Fate.

In economic orientations, Primitive Productivity to Utilization (Industrial Production, Socialism, Utilitarianism),  
Segregation to Redistribution, Hoarding and Refinement to Marketing, Exploitation to Receptivity.

In evolutionary systems, Mutation to Phenotype, Isolation and Speciation to Gene Pool, Syngamy, and Recombination,  
Genetic Set Point to Maladaptive Expression, Natural Selection to Adaptive Feedback

In philosophy, Romanticism to Materialism, Empiricism to Dialectic (Hegelian, Marxist, Neoconfucian I Ching, etc.),
Idealism to Pragmatism, Existentialism to Rationalism.

In culture, Aboriginal Africa, Indonesia, Amazon to Europe, Mediterranean to Chinese, India and Tibet to North Atlantic
Coast, Oceanic to Persian.  Thus the magic of the Congo against the anthropology of France, the mathematics of
Greece against the I Ching literature of Yellow River China, the metaphysics of Tibet against the business culture of
New York City, the art of Polynesia and Japan against the government of the Persian Empire.

EVOLUTION                 gene pool                 BIOSPHERE                      gene pool                            EVOLUTION



                 mutation                                                                                                                  sexual
genetic drift          alleles/Heaven                                                                     recombination/Lake       reproduction

                  adaptability                 system                      hybridization

                     genetic set point/Wind          regulative feed back/Water Pit            


GENE                        replication                          CODE                             homeostasis                  POPULATION           

                        segregation/Mountain            phenotype/Earth
                               speciation

                  isolation                          trait                     demonstration
                                                                                                                                                sexual
genetic drift          natural selection/Flame                                      maladaptive expression/Thunder     reproduction
            



EVOLUTION        competition/exctinction              GONAD            competition/exctinction                     EVOLUTION


Eight trigrams: mutant alleles vs. phenotype, genetic set point vs. maladaptive expression, segregation vs.
recombination, natural selection vs. regulative feed back

Twelve edges: adaptability vs. demonstration, isolation vs. hybridization, replication vs. sexual reproduction, trait vs.
gene pool, system vs. competition and extinction, segregation and genetic drift vs. homeostasis.

Six poles: GENE vs. POPULATION, BIOSPHERE vs. GONAD, EVOLUTION vs. CODE
         
         
         
         
                   
                   
                   
                   
                   
                   
                   
                   
                   
                   
FLUX
POWER
complex
emerge
chaos
energy
god
universe
titan
super
galay
demon
galaxy
android
stars
FLUX
POWER
cosmos
Variation
TWO
ONE
HEAVEN
Trigram
HEAVEN
Source
SIXTEEN
FIFTEEN
Ground
robot
solar
system
big bang
THREE
SELF
SOUL
SELF
SOUL
Divine
Divine
TOTAL
WHOLE
TOTAL
WHOLE
FOURTN
computer
planet
string
FOUR
SELF
SOUL
Eternal
WIND
Trigram
WIND
Ideal
Perfect
TOTAL
WHOLE
THIRTN
radio
bio
sphere
quanta
FLAME
Trigram
Free
Locus
MT
Trigram
Division
FIXED
FIXED
WATER
PIT Trig.
Order
Collect
LAKE
Trigram
Complex
print
eco
system
particle
FLAME
Trigram
Free
Locus
MT.
Trigram
Division
FIXED
FIXED
WATER
PIT Trig.
Order
Collect
LAKE
Trigram
Complex
city
proton
FIVE
PART
Form
EARTH
Trigram
Result
EARTH
Product
Result
Equality
SOCIAL
GROUP
TWELVE
tribe
atom
SIX
PART
PART
Measure
Measure
SOCIAL
GROUP
SOCIAL
GROUP
ELEVEN
animal
molecule
Action
SEVEN
EIGHT
THUNder
Trigram
THUNder
Express
NINE
TEN
Develop
brain
FLUX
POWER
protein
enzyme
RNA
DNA
nucleus
cell
tissue
organ
FLUX
POWER
THE GREAT WHEEL OF THE 16 LEVELS OF ORGANIZATION
AND THE 32 SUBLEVELS, NOV. 6th 2011, Bakersfield, CA
Allan Ralph Andrews  
One is ARCHOS, the beginning, and Dynamos, energy, Chaos, flux
Two is PHOROS, emergence, and Logos, systems, Synos,
complexity.
Three is COSMOS, cosmogensis, and Orthos, constants, Schizos,
big bangs and signularities
Four is MORPHOS, M Theory, and Mitos, strings, Chromos,
quantum mechanics
Five is PHOSOS, particle physics, and Electros, electrons, and
Protos, protons and atomic nuclei,
Six is CHALCOS, chemistry, Atomos, atoms, and Hydros, molecules,
Seven is PHYSIOS, biochemistry, Plasmos, macromolecules, and
Zymos, enzymes and transfer RNA,
Eight is BIOS, microbiology, Somos, ribosomes and RNA, Genos,
DNA and chromosomes,
Nine is GAMOS, sexual reproduction, Caryos, cellular nuclei, Cytos,
complex cytology,
Ten is DERMOS, embryology, Histos, tissues, and Gastros, organs,
Eleven is Zoos, animals, Neuros, organ systems, nervous systems,
Psychos, organisms and psychology,
Twelve is DEMOS, human populations, Ethnos, human tribes and
speech, Polisos, human communities, writing, civization,
Thirteen, TECHNOS, technology, Metros, measurements, human
ecosystems, printing, Anemos, biosphere, broadcasting,
Fourteen, GNOSOS, information systems, Geos, planets, computers,
Helios, solar systems, webs, internet, robots,
Fifteen is SOPHOS, higher systems, Astros, star clusters, androids,
Galactos, galaxies, super brains
Sixteen is THEOS, creative intelligence, Megalos, super galaxies,
titans, universe creators, Ouranos, universes, gods, multiverse
creators.

see following link
OR ITS REVISION
See the following on Mathology
Final Thanksgiving Message 2011
Excel File on Levels of Organization from Nov 2011
Final Dec 16th Revison
Final Excel 2011 File
Click below for the latest versions of
the above, much revised in 2016
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