MINDMYTHS
THIS SITE IS IN PROGRESS, Click on The Brain, More Brain, Even More, One Last Word, for more of what you see below:
(Remember that this site is not  interested in the most recent research and may be technically incorrect, out of date, etc.  The concern
here is with speculation, hypotheses, about possible connections between things, or even ways the people might look for connections.  
Our focus is on what might be, on what some one might believe, on how it could look, not necessarily on the facts, the reality.  Our
question is what ways do people see things?  How could common factors in the world, their geography, the way their brain is organized,
the way life seems to organized, society organized, personality organized, tend to make them think that way, what are the switches?)

Consider the following format for reviewing the structure of the mind:  (an octahedron with eight faces, cube with four corners)
Begin with an outer circle of flux based, energy based octahedral faces and an inter circle of information based faces
the outer circles is focused on neural structures that generate new activity, reticulate system etc., the inner circle is centered on basal
ganglia and neocortex association areas.  The faces toward the top are transcendental and have a right cerebral hemisphere emphasis.  
Those on the bottom are more fact oriented and left hemisphere in emphasis.  We move from anterior cerebral functions to the left of the
chart and posterior associations to the right, thus:
                  Autonomic Nervous system to Central Nervous System, Brain Stem to Cerebrum
RIGHT HEMISPHERE of THE CEREBRUM
Anterior, Cingulate, Right Frontal Lobe, Right Motor Area, Right Central Sulcus, Somatosensory, Right Parietal, Temporal, Occipital
lobes:                
                                     Mutation
                                     Set Point
Natural Selection    Input Analysis                         Feedback Mechanism     Recombination/Gene Pool
                                     Resulting Properties
                                     Emergent Expressions

Anterior, Cingulate, Left Frontal Lobe, Left Motor Area, Left Central Sulcus, Left somatosensory, Left Parietal, Temporal, Occipital lobes:
LEFT HEMISPHERE of THE CEREBRUM
              Cerebral Cortex to Basal Ganglia, Cerebrum to Brian Stem, Central Nervous System to Autonomic







































For considerations of  the use of set points and feedback systems in living things, consider examples from scientific texts and textbooks,
for example, Helena Curtis and N. Sue Barnes, Biology, 5th Edition, Worth Publishing, 1989,  page 785, the set point, the thermostat of
body temperature in Mammals, p 1095, the regulation of population size, Hardy-Weinberg population equilibria, p. 979,  the evolution of
species as a product of mutation, selection, recombination acting on gene pools, adaptive equilibria, see above pp. 978 -1009.  For
consideration of brain structure, refer to David E. Comings, MD, "Tourette Syndrome and Human Behavior," Hope Press, 1990, pp. 305 to
503, on brain anatomy and function, for the existence of brain modules, see Michael S. Gazzaniga, "The Social Brain," Basic Books, 1985,
p. 146 for the notion of a social brain of cognitive modules, for maps of these modules, see Charles Hampden-Turner, "Maps of the
Mind," Macmillian, Collier, 1981, 1982, and Rita Carter," Mapping the Mind," University of California Press, 1998, 1999, note maps on pp.
15, 16, 17, 21, 28, 33, 45, 58, 59, 61, 62, 63, 66, 67, 70, 81, 82, 86, 91, 96, 98, 100, 101, 102, 103, 115, 118, 121, 123, 129, 138, 143, 154,
155, 161, 163, 166, 182, 184, `185, 194,  See also, Antonio Damasio,  The Feeling of What Happens, Harcourt, 1999, pp. 317 - 335.
See also Michael S. Gazzaniga, Richard B. Ivary, George R. Mangun, Cognitive Neuroscience, 2nd Ed, Norton, 2002, Note pages 4, 5, 71,-
95, 270 - 681, particularly  271, 278, 286, 298, 313, 319, 320, 333, 349, 359, 371, 383,  384, 406, 439, 470, 471, 473,  510, 515, 518, 519,
545, 557, 573, 584, 612, As you can see, what we are attempting to do is use the ancient symbol systems of Alchemy in a Jungian
mandala, that symbolizes the polarities operating in systems functions, particularly those that emerge from the human brain.  For a
compendium of the ancient systems, See  Alexander Roob, Alchemy and Mysticism, Taschen, 2001.

When we use the words "mutation" and "recombination" above, we are referring to the mutation of ideas and recombination of ideas, as
well as actual genetic mutation and recombination, the mutation and recombination of "memes" seems to be more of a right cerebral
hemisphere function and a parietal, occipital, temporal association area and frontal association area function.  We are finding analogies
between biological systems for processing genetic information and brain systems for processing brain information and cultural systems
for processing cultural information.  The faces of the cultural system octahedron might  be handle many way.  There is no right answer,
no one best way to construct these webs of suggestive notions.  Consider an approach the uses philosophic orientations, based on the
model above:

RIGHT HEMISPHERE from cingulate to frontal lobe to motor area to central sulcus to somatosensory, parietal, temporal, occipital lobes:

                                      Romantic, Scholastic, Theological
                                      Idealistic, Neoplatonic
Existential                  Analytic, Empirical                        Rationalistic                        Dialectical/Hegelian
                                      Utilitarian, Materialistic
                                      Pragmatic, Instrumentalist   

LEFT HEMISPHERE from cingulate to frontal lobe to motor area to central sulcus to somatosensory, parietal, temporal, occipital lobes:

Lets try a system where:
These eight faces of the octahedron are also four faces of a buried octahedron-cube.  The buried faces are corners of a buried cube.
(For the geometry of what we are doing, refer to H. S. M. Coxeter, "Regular Polytopes," 3rd Ed, Dover, 1972, p. 5, and for the brain
functions, refer to Rita Carter, Mapping the Mind, University of California Press, 1998, 1999, and Charles Hamden-Turner, "Maps of the
Mind,"Macmillan, Collier, 1981, 1982, also ancient Jungian motifs, see Campbell, The Portable Jung, Penguin, 1971 and Aleander Roob,
Alchemy and Mysticism, Taschen, 2001)

RIGHT HEMISPHERE from cingulate to frontal lobe to motor area to central sulcus, to somatosensory, parietal, temporal, occipital lobes:

                                                                         FLUX

                                   variation                      Source                         ground

            SELF                                                 transcend                                          CORE
                                                   
                                       conserve                     Ideal                               purpose

FLUX        Free      individual          Separate                   FIXED              Order                          collective                  Mixed               FLUX

                                      form                             Result                            sameness

                 COVERING                                      measure                                           ASSEMBLY

                                          action                       Perform                             develop

                                                                             FLUX
LEFT HEMISPHERE from cingulate to frontal lobe to motor area to central sulcus to somatosensory to parietal, temporal, occipital lobes:
with polarities as shown below:
SELF  vs  ASSEMBLY                   Cingulate areas and frontal lobes to Parietal, Occipital, Temporal association areas
FLUX  vs FIXED                             Information processing in cerebral association areas, striatum,  to lower brain reticulate and autonomic
COVERING vs. CORE                 Left Hemisphere fact and particular to Right Hemisphere connections.
are the six faces of a cube, vertexes of an octahedron:           
Source vs. Result                         Brain stem connections to cingulate and Right Hemisphere vs. Left Hemisphere verbal areas
Perform vs. Ideal                           Left central sulcus, motor to somatosensory vs. right hemisphere frontal lobe and motor area
Separate vs. Mixed                       Left Hemisphere frontal lobe to Right Hemisphere Parietal, Occipital, Temporal Association areas
Order vs. Free                               Right Hemisphere frontal lobes to Motor to Parietal vs. Left Hemisphere cingulate and frontal lobe
are the eight faces of an octahedron, corners of a cube
Self is the vertex of the pyramid, Assembly is the buried face of the cube opposite to Self.  Covering is the vertex that points toward the Nile
and Core points away.   Fixed points up Nile and flux points down.
The corners of the cube, edges of the octahedron are:
sameness vs. variation        Hestia, dependent personality, as left temporal listener  vs. Artemis, schizoid, as right hemisphere cingulate
conserve vs. develop             Hera, paranoid, as right frontal inhibitory orbitofrontal vs. Aphrodite, borderline, as left hemisphere parietal
action vs. purpose                  Ares, antisocial, as left motor area vs. Hephaestus, compulsive, as right motor area and basal ganglia
form vs. ground                       Zeus, narcissistic, as left frontal lobe planning vs. Poseidon, schizotypal as right temporal and hippocampus
transcend vs. measure          Athena, avoidant as right Broca's equivalent frontal vs. Hermes, histrionic, as left Broca's speech.
individual vs. collective           Apollo, sadistic, left cingulate and occipital vs. Demeter, masochistic, right parietal and POT association


Consider the following mythical personalities       Personality Disorders         Hemispheres      Switches           Cerebral Areas
Switches:
Zeus              Jupiter                         Go                         Narcissistic                            Left Hemisphere      Go           Frontal Plans, Motor action
Hera               Juno                            Stop                     Paranoia                                 Right Hemisphere   Stop        Frontal motor inhibition

Hermes          Mercury                      Talk  (Out)          Histrionic                               Left Hemisphere      Talk          Broca's  Speech Area
Hestia             Vesta                          Listen (in)          Dependent                             Left Temporal           Listen      Temporal Speech Recognition

Ares                 Mars                           Fast, Hard          Antisocial                               Left Motor                    Fast, Hard     Motor Area, Amygdala
Aphrodite        Venus                        Slow, Soft           Borderline                              Left Somatosenory   Soft       Parietal touch recognition



Apollo              Apollo                        On  Awake          Sadist, Narcissist                Left Frontal Cingulate    Awake   Left Occipital/Reticulate
Artemis           Diana                        Off  Asleep           Avoidant                                 Right Hemisphere         Asleep                            Pons

Hephaestus    Vulcan                     Act  Skill               Compulsive                            Right Hemisphere        Action    Right Motor, Basal ganglia
Athena              Minerva                   Think  Idea          Schizoid                                  Right Frontal                  Thought     Right Motor Inhibition

Poseidon        Neptune                   At Sea                  Schizotypal                             Right Cingulate, Temporal    There, at Sea
Demeter          Ceres                       At Home              Masochistic                            Right  Parietal                           Here, at Home



Hades                Pluto                       No  Bad               Depressed                            Basal Ganglia                  Depressed    Pain
Persephone      Persephone         Yes Good            Bipolar                                    Hypothalamus                 Cyclic               Pleasure

Dionysus           Bacchus                Drunk                   Addictive                                 Dopamine system          Drunk
Semele                Mater                    Sober                   Codependent                         Norepinephron  system Sober

Uranus                                               Sky Father           Creativity                                 Cingulate, Frontal Lobes  
Gea                                                     Earth Mother      Conformity                               Posterior Parietal, Occipital, Temporal Association areas

Chronus              Saturn                   Restraint,            Neurotic                                  Cerebral Association Areas, Basal Ganglia
Rhea                                                   Power,                 Psychotic                                Thalamus, Hypothalamus, Reticulate, Pons


RIGHT HEMISPHERE     ANTERIOR                                                                                                                                                       POSTERIOR

Cingulate Area     Right Frontal Lobe        Right Motor Area   Right Central Sulcus  Right Somatosensory     Parietal   Temporal   Occipital
Planning                         Movement                                                      Touch                                 Space      Hearing          Sight
Athena (Minerva)        Hephaestus (Vulcan)                                             Demeter (Ceres)             Poseidon (Neptune)         
Ideas,                             Action                                                                       Here, At Home                  There, At Sea
Hera (Juno)
Stop  
Uranus                     Iris  (Corpus Callosum) communication between lobes and hemispheres                             Gea   Association
Zeus                                                                                                                                                           (Parietal-Occipital-Temporal)     
Go
Apollo                                        Hermes (Mercury)        Ares (Mars)                     Aphrodite (Venus)                                          Hestia  (Vesta)     
On                                              Talk   Messenger          Fast, Hard                       Slow, Soft                                                        Listen, Take In
Left Cingulate   Left Frontal Lobe     Broca's Area    Left Motor Area   Left Central S.   Left Somatosensory       Parietal  Temporal   Occipital
Sense of Self     Planning            Speech                Actions                             Touch                                       Space             Hearing       Sight
                                                                                                                                        Language Recognition
LEFT HEMISPHERE     ANTERIOR                                                                                                                                                         POSTERIOR
CEREBRAL CORTEX
BASAL GANGLIA    STRIATED  BODIES      Chronus  (Saturn)  time, rules, restraints, information           Hades           Pain       No
HIPPOCAMPUS
AMYGDALA
THALAMUS
HYPOTHALAMUS                                              Rhea                                                                                            Persephone  Pleasure  Yes
PONS
MEDULLA                                                                        Sympathetic                     Parasympathetic
Artemis
Off                       

On (APOLLO see above)

It is important to understand where these polarities come from.  There are basic polarities operating in nature, between act and do not
act, male and female, fight or flight etc.  Switches that seem to be operating in the brain include: on (awake), to off (asleep), rest to unrest,
stop to go, talk to listen, stay home to move away, think to act.  We compare these switches to the ancient Greek notion of pairs of gods
and goddesses sitting around the great table on Mt. Olympus (the executive areas of the cerebral cortex).  Aphrodite was paired with Ares,
for us this is rest to unrest.  Artemis was paired with Apollo (Moon to Sun), for us this would be off to on.  Hermes to Hestia, would be talk
to listen, Hephaestus to Athena, act to think before you act, Zeus to Hera, go to stop (paranoia, inhibition rather than just pain caution),
Demeter to Poseidon would be stay home to go to sea (away from home).  

We have looked for personality problems that might represent an excess of one switch over another.  The antisocial seems unable to
stop acting selfishly, he restlessly looks to his own selfish interest, he starts fights and conflicts, thus Ares (Mars) god of war.  In contrast,
Venus seeks love and peace, seeks rest.  But, she is borderline, involves herself with others to the point of having no boundaries, no
ability to care for herself (borderline means lacking self integrity to the point of trying to fuse others).   Artemis is schizoid (pulls off by
herself).  Apollo displays himself in public to the point of sadism (the blinding light of the sun).  This pair became mythologically
associated with the blinding light of the sun and the ability to hide in the moonlight, thus on and off, look at it and be conscious, or avoid it
and pull away.   The emotional aspect of the schizoid is turned off, asleep.  The emotions of the sadist are on to the point of explosion.

Zeus is on the go, at least to the point it supports his amorist and elitist narcissism.   A narcissist is caught up in his own status and
image.  Zeus' behavior is that of a god very conscious of his status and has physical attractiveness, this is characteristic of narcissists.  
They seem unable to stop behaviors that inflate physical self.  In contrast, Hera is suspicious, does not trust anyone or anything.  If Zeus
is go, Hera is stop.  A histrionic is a variant of the borderline, antisocial, narcissist complex that tends to be dramatic and want a public
audience.  Hermes seems to be the god that does the talking.  In contrast, his partner, Hestia tends to be quiet and listen.  She tends to
depend on others, which is the basis for the dependent personality disorder.  

Hestia is the goddess of the hearth.  Demeter is the goddess of the fields.  In contrast, Poseidon is the god of the waters and those that
take to the sea.  Demeter tends to be masochistic, to talk about how much she has suffered as result of Hades having captured her
daughter Persephone.  Poseidon might be seen as the one that is Schizotypal, that is caught up in his dreams and visions and unusual
ways of looking at thinks (Schizotypal means schizophrenic type thought, basically crazy, irrational thinking).

Hephaestus is the compulsive.  He acts in patterned ways and repeats these actions.  He is concerned with getting his actions right.  In
contrast, Athena is avoidant.  She avoids action, she withdraws, she is concerned about safety and security.  Hephaestus is the kind of
male that must always be making something, but is obsessed about doing it right.  Athena is the kind of female that keeps to her self and
collects knowledge that she can use to make her area more comfortable.

Lets review these personality disorders:  If I am mean to others, then I am Sadistic
              If I let others be mean to me, then I am Masochistic
              If I am obsessed with doing the correct thing, then I am Obsessive Compulsive
              If my focus is getting what I want regardless of its correctness, I am Antisocial
              If I am lost in eccentric irrational thoughts, I am Schizotypal
              If I know who I am by my public image, if that is what is important, I am Narcissistic
              If I love to show off and be dramatic, I am Histrionic
              If I am scared of the public, if I avoid the public, I am Avoidant
              If I depend on others and follow them, I am Dependent
              If I pull away and want to be by myself, show no feelings, I am Schizoid
              If I am suspicious, do not trust, see threats everywhere, I am Paranoid
              If I need people, have no boundary, am self destructive, I am Borderline

This is too complicated to state simply.  There are many  versions of these interpretations.  There are many different ways of explaining
what is going on here.

Part of what is happening is nature's many switch backs on the evolutionary trail.  Human ancestors went through a lot of transitions.  A
basic transition is between an active way of life and a passive one.  Consider the following possibilities.

Jellyfish                          Off                           Artemis               Schizoid               Chemical based systems, glands  (Thyroid)
Worm                              On                          Apollo                  Sadist                   Learning based  neural systems     (Thalamus)

Tunicate                          Here                     Demeter              Masochist           Autonomic Nervous System (Medulla)
Fish                                 There                    Poseidon             Schizotypal         Central Nervous System  (Hippocampus)

Amphibian                      Rest                      Aphrodite            Borderline           Parasympathetic Nervous branch of Autonomic (Hypothalamus)  
Reptile                             Unrest                  Ares                     Antisocial             Sympathetic branch of Autonomic (Amygdala)

Monotreme                     Act                         Hephaestus       Compulsive        Basal ganglia, cerebellum, striatum, striated bodies
Regular Mammal          Think                     Athena                Avoidant               Rhinencephalon of cerebral cortex

Marsupial                        Stop                     Hera                     Paranoid              Frontal lobes of cerebral cortex
Primate                           Go                         Zeus                     Narcissistic        Left frontal lobe, motor, speech

Ape                                  Listen                    Hestia                 Dependent          Left hemisphere of cerebrum, temporal lobe, listening
Human                           Talk                       Hermes               Histrionic             Broca's area, speech


















(Refer to the "mythicmind" click above for more references to personality disorders, and to the DSM -IV, and to Beck, Freeman and
Associates, "Cognitive Therapy of Personality Disorders," Guilford, 1990, and to Theodore Millon, et. al., Personality Disorders in Modern
Life, 2nd Ed., Wiley, 2000 and 2004, for cerebral maps, see Charles Hampden-Turner, "Maps of the Mind," Macmillan, Collier, 1981.82,
and Rita Carter, "Mapping the Mind," University of California Press, 1998, 1999, Antonio Damasio, The Feeling of What Happenes,
Harcourt, 1999, pp. 317 -335, see also Daniel J. Siegel, MD, and Mary Hartzell, Parenting from the Inside Out, Tarcher/Penguin, 2003, pp.
171-183, Refer to Jung's interpretation of the gods and personality functions, see Joseph Campbell, ed, The Portable Jung, Penguin,
1971, see pp.  323 - 445, see 412, 445, 447 etc.)

The higher level switches, listen to talk, stop to go, have clear connections to centers in the cerebral cortex.  The act to think, rest  to
unrest,  here to there switches can be found in the interfaces between the lobes of the cerebral cortex.  The cerebral cortex is a huge
explosion in size of the front end of the neural tube that becomes the brain in the lower vertebrates like frogs and fish.  In frogs, this front
end of the brain is involved in smell.  It is divided into two parts, one for each nostril.  It is often called the "Rhinencephalon," or nose brain.
At the base of this expanded brain are a series of bodies called the striated bodies, the striatum, or the basal ganglia.  These structures
play an important roll in switching processes, particularly switching between behavior systems.  As the roof of the old rhinencephalon
expanded to become the huge cerebral hemispheres that do most of our thinking, the centers controlling many of the old functions of the
brain were moved to the surface of the new expanded cerebrum.  

Moving voluntary muscles is controlled by motor areas on the surface of the expanded cerebrum.  Next door are areas of the parietal lobe
of the cerebrum that are responsible for touch.  To the front of the motor areas are areas of the frontal lobes responsible for controlling
the motor areas and in front of them areas responsible for thought and planning.  In our chart above, the thought coordinating areas of the
right hemisphere would belong to Athena, the motor areas to Hephaestus, or to Ares.  Hephaestus would control the more compulsive
behaviors arising from the basal ganglia and Ares the anger based behaviors arising from emotion coordinating structures like the
amygdala.  The parietal lobes responsible for touch would be areas belonging to Aphrodite and Demeter.  Aphrodite would control the
more fact centered left parietal and Demeter, the more location centered right parietal.  Sound and story based processing is centered in
the temporal lobes, just next to the parietal, to the rear of the brain.  Hestia would rule the more language based left temporal and
Poseidon would rule the more music and background oriented right temporal and associated rhinencephalon and hippocampus.  
Hippocampal structures monitor memory and location and are important to the sea going functions ruled by Poseidon.  The occipital
lobes monitor vision.  They are just behind the temporal lobes.  The cingulate areas monitor emotions associated with individual identity.  
The cingulate areas are in the very front of  the frontal lobes at the extreme front of the brain.  We are associating the more fact oriented
left hemisphere occipital and cingulate with Apollo, as well as the thalamus and the reticulate, which activate conscious attention.  Apollo
is the god of individual attention, of sunshine, of visual presence.  Artemis is his lunar opposite, which we associated with their right brain
opposites, as well as lower brain structure controlling sleep, dreaming, and autonomic functions.

This whole system is far from perfect.  It has been subject to continuous revision.  It is more fiction and myth than truth, but hopefully, myth
that helps illumine the complex relationships that hold mind and brain together.

Evolution has generated a whole series of new brain structures.  Much of the basic organization of the body is chemical, regulated by
glands and hormones.  A structure called the hypothalamus began to emerge in the brain that integrates the activities of the pituitary
gland, a master gland in the mammalian body, with the functions of the autonomic nervous system that control involuntary responses of
the body like the digestion of food and heart beat.  The parasympathetic portion of this system tends to emphasize responses
appropriate to resting states and the sympathetic portion tends to emphasize the excited response.  Centers controlling these responses
can be found in the hypothalamus.  The thalamus lies above the hypothalamus.  It, and the reticulate system in the brain stem, tend to be
associated with awareness and attention.   The reticulate system interacts with centers in the brainstem and pons that control sleep and
dreaming.  At the edge of the cerebral cortex itself, the expanded upper portion of the brain, lies the amygdala.  It tends to regulate
emotion, particularly anger and fear.  It operates as the brains alarm system.  Next to it is an area associated with short term memory,
with memory of location, of time and place.  In contrast, upper brain structures need to coordinate sense date to give moving animals a
way to remember time and place.  This is done in mammals by structures like the hippocampus.

In our system, the sleep to wakefulness, pons to reticulate and thalamus switches, the on to off, are associated with Apollo and Artemis,
with the god of the sun and the goddess of the moon.  The switch from here to there, from the internal state monitoring autonomic system
and the external state monitoring central nervous system, we associate with Demeter to Poseidon, with the goddess of the fields and the
god of the sea.  The first is all about nutrition and the later is all about exploration.  Chordates, the phylum to which humans belong, have
two basic ways of doing things.  Tunicates settle down an become big bags of viscera, a big stomach attached to a rock .  In contrast,
vertebrates swim around and explore the world, the basic idea in the body plan of a fish.  Most of the centers that control the Tunicate, the
autonomic approach to things are in places like the medulla, which lies at the base of the brain.

Amphibians tend to have very sensitive skin and need to stay near water in order to reproduce.  Reptiles have eggs and skin that allow
them to explore dry places.  The evolution of an effective amygdala is an important part of reptile life style because of the need to
coordinate responses to danger that come from a more extensive exploration of dangerous places and situations.  The resting state and
the sense of touch symbolize the more stay at home amphibian approach, in contrast with the more danger seeking Reptilian way,
involving a bit more of the sympathetic, of the ability to become excited, angry, fearful.  Not that Amphibians don't do this, but Reptiles
begin to explore these responses in new and different ways.  This polarity is fundamental to the Aphrodite to Ares, Venus to Mars
distinction that lies buried in the deep core of the human psyche.

The development of the cerebrum provided a place for sorting out alternatives in planning and action.  The striated bodies, basal ganglia
are places where some of the behavior patterns we associate with skills are switched on and off.  The basal ganglia are closely
associated with behavior complex learning and coordinating centers in the cerebellum.  The sensory data supporting those actions are
reviewed and developed into plans in the frontal lobes of the cerebrum and used to initiate muscle responses in the adjacent motor
areas of the cerebral cortex.  Here are the switches between thoughts, plans, and actions, of Hephaestus (Vulcan) to Athena (Minerva).

The hippocampus begins to expand in primitive mammals, which take to nocturnal feeding and burrows in the ground.  The
hippocampus helps them orient to time and place in feeding and remember where they found food.  Associated with the hippocampus
are structures in the temporal lobe monitoring sounds and in the rhinencephalon, monitoring smell.  All of this becomes greatly
expanded in Primates.  When primates take to trees, larger areas monitoring vision must be developed in the occipital lobes of the
cerebrum.  As the ancestors of humans emerge, verbal activity becomes associated with the left hemisphere.  The left hemisphere tends
to be factual and particular oriented.  The right hemisphere is more creative, looks more for connections.  The frontal lobes initiate plans
and some areas of the frontal lobes are associated with the facilitation of motor activity, of muscle activity stimulated by impulse
originating in the motor cortex.  Other parts of the frontal lobes inhibit motor action and are associated with caution and reflection.  To
some extent the right frontal lobe may even exert an inhibitory influence on the left.  This is the stop to go switch.  We associate Hera with
this stop switch.  She symbolizes the paranoid little mammal hiding in its burrow convinced that a predator is after it.  Zeus is the playful
primate swinging in the trees, ready to explore the world.  His go switch is fully on.

The final switch is between Hestia and Hermes, the listening and speech understanding area of the left temporal lobe and the speaking
area, Broca's, in the left frontal motor area.  This is the in and out switch, the listen and talk switch.  Hestia represents the passive social
function and Hermes its active expression.  Hestia stands for all the vertebrate social potential going back to schools of fish and colonial
invertebrate ancestors.  Hermes is the emergence of that social potential in public human speech.

All these polarities have representatives on the surface of the cerebral cortex, where all the association functions of the nervous system
that involve complex switching have tended to migrate over time.  So we can start with the right occipital and find connections with lower
brain sleep and dreaming centers, Artemis, and move to the left occipital and find connections to thalamic and reticulate attention
monitoring, Apollo.  Move forward to listening functions in the left temporal, Hestia, touch in the left parietal, Aphrodite, muscle movement
in the left motor, Ares, speech in Broca's, Hermes, planning in the left frontal, Zeus, inhibition of plans in both left and right frontal, Hera.  
Of course both right and left frontal are involved in planning.  In the frontal areas we can find creative planning, Athena, and next to it motor
areas responsible for muscle movements that are part of skilled actions, Hephaestus,  right parietal areas that will locate the products of
these actions in space, Demeter, temporal areas that will track their sound and associated hippocampal areas that will remember place
and sequence, Poseidon.  Now this is not perfect.  Some of the comparisons, particularly those involving Artemis and Apollo are probably
forces.  But, the point is that these sequences of movement amount the table on Mount Olympus do indicate some possible relationships
between places in the brain and places in myth.

Now lets give these gods and goddesses their planetary equivalents: Moon, Sun, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Juno, Minerva,
Vulcan, Ceres, and Neptune. Let paranoid Saturn stand in for paranoid Hera, let clever Uranus stand in for clever Minerva, let active Mars
stand in for active Vulcan and feminine Venus stand in for feminine Ceres.  We can now do a sequence of astrological signs based on
rulership: Moon to Cancer, Sun to Leo, Mercury to Virgo, Venus to Libra, Mars to Scorpio, Jupiter to Sagittarius, Juno-Saturn to Capricorn,
Minerva-Uranus to Aquarius, Neptune to Pisces. We now have the last nine of the twelve astrological signs.  Now We move toward the
Moon from the frontal lobes, picking up the signs We have missed:  Vulcan-Mars as Aries, Ceres-Venus as Taurus, and Mercury as the
communicative potential of the temporal lobes ending with Artemis as the Moon ruling Cancer.  Again, there are problems with this idea,
but it shows the possibility of matching symbol sequences and brain sequences, even mythical ones.

Our mythology will support any metaphysical or religious point of view.  At various points in these comparisons, We use sequences from
Buddhism, Jainism, Hinduism, Hegelian and Marxist dialectic, physics, government, New Thought, Neoplatonism, etc..  These
sequences will support all possible points of view, idealistic, realistic, supernatural, natural, etc.

Sometimes theological points of view become stuck just as personalities become stuck, Christianity in borderline splitting between good
and bad, Protestants, in histrionics, New Age in narcissism, tribal systems in antisocial or sadistic behavior (the Thugs of South Asia, the
Aztec temple sacrifices).  Imperial religions can be masochistic (Iranian Muslim beliefs), dependent (Islam, Confucianism), compulsive
(Confucian ritual, Roman Imperial ritual).  Aristocratic and exclusive religious systems can be compulsive (Hebrew), paranoid (Jainism,
Brahmanism), or avoidant (Shinto, Daoism).  Religions of tropical areas are often avoidant or schizotypal (Hindu) or even schizoid
(Buddhism).  None of these sticking points, ideological clingingness, is necessarily any better or worse than any other.  Nor is their any
inherent superiority  of credulousness over skepticism, of atheism over theism, of agnosticism over faith.  It is all a set of switches.  What
we must watch for is stuckness, the inability to throw a switch when we need to.

Consider the following attempt to set up a model of the Brain:

Right Cerebral Cortex   Anterior/Frontal Portion                                                                                                Right Cerebral Cortex Posterior Part
Rhinencephalon                                                                                                              Connections to Hippocampus and Amygdala
Cingulate area   Right Frontal Lobe  Right Motor Area  Right Central Sulcus  Right Somatosensory  Parietal Temporal  Occipital Lobes
(Paranoid)    (Schizoid)     (Avoidant)                                                                                        HERE                 (Schizotypal)  THERE
Orbitofrontal Area THINK    Athena/Uranus/Aquarius                                             (Masochistic)                     Poseidon/Neptune/Pisces
STOP      Hera/Saturn/Capricorn          (Obsessive-Compulsive)                        Demeter/Venus/Taurus   Hestia/Mercury/Gemini
THINK       THINK             ACT    Hephaestus/Mars/Ares                                                   OFF                      Artemis/Moon/Cancer    OFF
C   O   R   P   U   S      C   A   L   L   O   S   U   M   (goddess IRIS, unites the two hemispheres)
(Narcissistic)                         UNREST                                                REST                ON                       Apollo/Sun/Leo                 ON
GO           Zeus/Jupiter/Sagittarius      Ares/Mars/Scorpio  (Antisocial)         Aphrodite/Venus/Libra       Hestia/Mercury/Virgo   (Sadistic)
Hermes/Mercury/Gemini                                              (Borderline)                          (Dependent)
Orbitofrontal Area                TALK    OUT (Histrionic)                                                                                        LISTEN     IN
Cingulate area Left Frontal Lobe      Left Motor Area      Left Central Sulcus     Left Somatosensory     Parietal  Temporal   Occipital Lobes
Rhinencephalon                                                                                                               Connections of Hippocampus and Amygdala  
Left Cerebral Cortex    Anterior/Frontal Portion                                                                                                 Left Cerebral Cortex Posterior Part

  ACT    Interior of Both Left and Right Hemispheres
Corpus Striatum   Striated Bodies  Basal Ganglia (Connects to Cerebellum, Supports Mars/Ares and Vulcan/Hephaestus Motor Areas)
                                                                                                    THERE     Poseidon/Neptune   
                                                         HIPPOCAMPUS, Short term memory, orientation in time and space
                                                         AMYGDALA  Emotional Processing, Danger, Warning, Rage and Fear                                NO   
(PAIN)                         ON        Ares/Mars    (Antisocial)      Hades/Pluto   (Depressed) (SUN, APOLLO)    
(Sadistic)                                                                                           
      T            H            A             L             A            M            U            S           (SUN, APOLLO)   (Sadistic)

(Persephone) (Bipolar)                       H       Y     P     O     T     H     A     L      A     M    U      S
Parasympathetic autonomic rest        Sympathetic autonomic excitation      Pituitary Gland       
(VENUS, APHRODITE)                            (MARS, ARES)
YES  (PLEASURE)            REST                                      UNREST       NO  (PAIN)                 
                                        Brain Stem                       ON
(MOON, ARTEMIS, DREAMING)     OFF                          Pons                           
                                     Reticulate System             ON     (AWAKE)               (SUN, APOLLO)      (Sadistic)
           OFF                         Medulla                         OFF    (ASLEEP)             (MOON, ARTEMIS) (Schizoid)

Now lets try a cultural model with cultural switches that are stuck:
We begin with the lower brain, autonomic, reticulate system and work toward the inside, oceanic areas will symbolize flux and energy and
desert areas the association areas of the higher neocortex:

Right Hemisphere Anterior, cingulate, right frontal lobe, motor area, somatosensory, parietal, temporal, occipital lobe association
areas:    Reticulate area, autonomic nervous system: FLUX, OCEANIC AREA, DANCE, POLYNESIAN "Mana  
Schizoid, Tectonic Areas, Buddhism                                    Schizotypal, Monsoon Forest, Hinduism
                               Source, Magic, Productive Orientation, Volcanic Area, Tropical Rainforest
SELF, Yoga, Meditation           Avoidant, Upland Areas, Daoism, Shinto     CORE, Religion, Tropics
Paranoid, Mountain Passes, Brahmanism                         Obsessive-Compulsive, Plateau Tibetan Buddhism
                                Nobility, Aristocratic, Refining Orientation, Metaphysics, Mountains
Free, Exploitative, tribal , Sadism, Aztec, Separate, Hoarding Orientation  LAW, Desert   Order, Receptive, Shia, Masochism Mix, Empire
Tribal Beliefs                     Narcissistic, Psychology, New Age                                        Dependent, desert sands, Islam Glutinous orientation
                                Result, Utilizing Orientation, Plains, Science
COVERING, Glacial, Engineering       Histrionic, Protestant, Economics     ASSEMBLY, Delta, Education
Antisocial, Craft, Tribal War Gods, Ocean Archipelago      Borderline, Christianity, Sea Shore
                               Perform, Tidal Marshland, Entertainment, Business, Marketing Orientation
Reticulate area, autonomic nervous system: FLUX, OCEANIC AREA, DANCE,POLYNESIAN            
Left Hemisphere Anterior, cingulate, left frontal lobe, motor area, somatosensory, parietal. temporal, occipital lobe association areas

This chart is not meant to be critical of any religious or philosophic point of view.  References to Islam, Christianity, etc., are not
references to sincere belief and practice, but to the use of the philosophic systems associated with these cultures to further particular
approaches to cultural problems which might arise from misuse of cultural and philosophical alternatives.  The ideas above are far from
perfect and are thrown out as hypotheses and suggestions only (for further study).

It is interesting to look at the evolution of these religious and philosophical points of view.  Early Christianity was created in a late phase of
the Roman Empire and reflected its imperial hoarding orientation, it was Masochist and Borderline (Involvements with others that split
between good and bad, good person, bad person)  Later Christianity matured under the influence of the marketing orientation and tend
more to the histrionic (Protestant) and narcissistic (New Age, New Thought).  Chinese religion shows its early origins in the agriculture
focused productive orientation Schizoid in early Daoism and Buddhism, Avoidant in later Daoism, Compulsive in Confucian ritual and
Dependent in mature imperial Neoconfucianism, the later receptive (absolutist) phase of Chinese religion.

Early South Asian belief shows its aristocratic origins in the Compulsive and Paranoid patterns of Brahmanism and Vedic belief, but it
also shows the primitive agricultural influences (our version of the productive orientation) in the development of the  Avoidant and Schizoid
patterns of Buddhism, and the Schizotypal patterns of late Gupta Empire based Hinduism, as this productive mode changes in the
direction of imperialism and the glutinous orientation.

Tribal belief systems show the influence of the exploitative orientation, the Antisocial flavor of some systems of tribal War God worship
that seem to support a culture of plunder, climaxing in Sadistic focused sacrifice such as that found in Aztec temple ritual, but developing
a Schizoid or Avoidant aspect in the totem and tabu of primitive agricultural societies entering productive phases like those found in the
Maring on New Guinea.  Our model is biased to the ecological, and views only cultures that maintain truly self supporting agriculture, like
that of the Maring, to be truly in the productive orientation.  All other productive modes are pseudo-productive only.

The rather late developing religious systems of the Middle East seem to have a legal focus that seems to be a polar opposite to the
energy and dance based systems of  oceanic cultures.  Desert, land, dry, internal basin seem to mean law, order, empire in many
cultural systems.  The receptive orientation seems to be very important in the Near and Middle East.  There is a Compulsive element to
Hebrew religion, a Dependent element in Islam (Islam means submission), the Shia tend to Masochism, and the Zoroasterian and
Christian systems they replaced, to the Borderline (Good vs. Bad splitting), possibly showing the influence of empire and the hoarding
orientation that seems to accompany empire.

The Western academic cultures have developed out of an Mediterranean base.  Rooted in city states that developed in places like Athens
and Florence, it was a social framework rich in the segregating (hoarding)  and refining orientations that emphasize analysis, reason,
classical ideas, and philosophy.  The glacial topography of Northern Europe encouraged a modern twist to this academic framework that
is empirical, deeply influenced by the utilizing and marketing orientations typical of technically advanced society, and thus spun in the
direction of the practical, the empirical, the naturalistic, and the materialistic.

The spin is so great that it is very difficult to get academics operating in this framework to see their bias.  They assume that the rational
and the true is better than the beautiful, the adventurous, the faithful, the dialectical, the harmonious.  They are so certain that knowing
what is inside the pig is the most important thing. They litter the ground with dead pigs, never questioning that they are doing the right
thing.  They have a tendency to dissect society, existence, everything and leave it cut up and bleeding, certain that this is good because
their motives are good.  Unaware that their motives are biased, twisted by the social and geographic environment that created them.

A whole series of academic tribes, disciplines has grown up with distinctive beliefs.  They tend to have a narcissistic, paranoid, or
sadistic focus.  The person from an imperialist based society will have a receptive or glutinous orientation.  He or she will submit her
ideology to the larger order, sacrifice her own interests for King and Empire, sacrifice personal wealth, personal belief to the larger
collection, the greater synthesis.  The segregating (hoarding)  orientation tends to develop in isolated conditions, like those of ancient
Athens, that encourage debate.  Academic faculties tend to preserve the Athenian segregating (hoarding) mentality.  The problem is that
this mentality encourages a kind of academic tribalism that can be narcissistic and exploitative, centering itself on leaders that can fight
for a particular tribal view point:  thus Wittgenstein and Russell for logical empiricism, Austin for ordinary language, etc.  Spinning out of
this are religious points of view like Positivism, Atheism, Agnosticism, Humanism, Skepticism, etc.  Those who adhere to these tribal
groups can be as fanatic and narrow as any group of true believers.  There is a tendency in the West, for what I have called "New Age" to
include a number of followers of which ever elitist narcissist has decided to play father "Zeus" to his pack of followers.  These collect
larger numbers of compulsive and dependent follower "philosophers," proudly displaying  their segregating labels: empiricist, rationalist,
pragmatist, gladly following which ever Kant, Hume, Berkeley, Locke, etc. happens to have gotten their attention for the moment.

The approach I am taking here deliberately attempts to avoid this mine field.  I am not looking for facts, truth, the answer.  I am simply
walking through the rainforest of the mind, finding my own path through this rainforest, not the path, there is no one right path.

Our idea is based on the natural cycles of living things.  Genes mutate, combine in gene pools that  undergo recombination, generate
emergent adaptive traits, are subject to extinction and natural selection.  The result is a set of gene induced set points maintained by feed
back mechanisms generating properties that are measured by the system and analyzed for comparison to the original set point.  In art
the mutant stage is the equivalent to the Gothic or romantic.  We use Heaven as its symbol, call it "Source" or the"productive orientation."

We tend to find it most in untouched rainforest conditions,  where cultures are still in balance with their environment.  The closest
equivalent in temperate civilization is the agricultural aspect of feudalism, at least where land is allowed to lie fallow and woodland is
allowed to return to forest.   The accumulation of productive supplies, the collection of them into imperial systems generates the hoarding
equivalent of the recombinant.  In art this is the imperial mode associated with rococo, symbolism, the " picturesque," and with some
aspects of Post-Impressionism.  This glutinous aspect encourages the equivalent of the emergent, the marketing orientation that is
associated with expressionist art.  Eventually, this emergence is subjected to the exploitive orientation and the forces working for
competition between cultures, break down of both marketing and feudalism into tribalism and war.  In art, this brings the emergence of
movements like "Da Da,"

Where some kind of stability emerges, set points will develop, classical ways of doing art, aristocratic societies like those in ancient
Athens, and what we term the refining orientation.  This phase tends to encourage the accumulation of organization and order, resulting
in a heavier load of feed back mechanisms, the Baroque temper in art, and the receptive orientation in production.  This accumulation of
feedback mechanisms tends to pressure the emergence of ways of measuring and analyzing feedback, thus, the realistic and
impressionistic tempers in art and the utilizing and segregating modes of production.

Civilization is currently in the process of entering the early stages of some of the higher levels of organization.  What we call Electrons,
Astros, Synos, Nymphos (Electronic, Computer, Internet, Virtual Reality).  The old orders of organization based on oral, written, and
printed communication are in various stages of imperialism and senility.  The current crisis in the Middle East finds old imperial systems
in conflict with new levels of organization.  The key factor in most of the old orders that support terrorism appears to be very low levels of
female literacy, indicating an opposition from an ancient exploitative military tribalism and an evolving Demos and Thermos and Electros
literacy and equality.

For references to climate see, W. G. Kendrew, The Climates of the Continents, Oxford, 1961, for the ancient symbol systems, See
Alexander Roob, Alchemy and Mysticism, Taschen, 2001, For the Brain functions, see Michael S. Gazzaniga, Richard B. Ivry, George R.
Mangun, Cognitive Neuroscience, 2nd Ed., Norton, 2002, note references listed above, for evolutionary aspects, see Lyman Benson,
Plant Classification, Heath, 1957, 402 thru 442,
Above is the flattened octahedron of the trigrams
placed on the left and right hemispheres of the
human brain.  To the right is the Single Self, or top
yang of the trigrams pole, showing magic, that is
the heaven trigram, ideal, the wind trigram, free,
the flame trigram and mind, the mountain trigram
as corners of the cube, faces of the octahedron
that are arranged around this side of the cube of
all cubes.  Single is the top yang line of the
heaven trigram, the youngest son yang, and
therefore the creative act, it is Brahma as the god
of creation, it is the anthropic observer creating
the universe in his observation, it is the eye of the
king of Egypt looking out from the top of his
pyramid of all creation as Aslan the Lion of his
personal Narnia, in the eternal christmas of the
heart.  To the right and below are the flattened
octahedra of the virtues and of the academic and
occupational disciplines.  Here we see the
Heaven trigram as magic and as abundance, the
Wind trigram as beauty and metaphysics, the
Mountain trigram as wisdom and mathematics,
the Flame trigram as design and enterprise, the
Water Pit trigram as harmony and government,
the Lake trigram as faith and literature, the
Thunder trigram as business and fun, the Earth
trigram as science and thrift.