ANOTHER
MODEL
The following interpretation of the I Ching is based on a model that tries to look for universal
archetypes using the similarity between the trigram Lake and the Greek Element "Water," the
similarity between Greek "Earth" and the trigram "Earth," between Greek "Air" and the trigram
"Wind," the Greek "Fire" and the trigram "Flame."  Elsewhere we have used a model of archetype
relationships that makes Earth and Heaven opposites, Fire and Pottery (Metal) opposites, Water
and Salt, Air and Dust.  In our system of equivalents this "Heaven" becomes equivalent to the
trigram "Heaven," "Dust" becomes equivalent to "Thunder," something carried in the Air, Wind
(Sound Waves).  "Pottery" and "Metal" (Bowl) become equivalent to Waterpit (holds water) and the
trigram "Mountain"  equivalent to "Salt," little bits of its minerals  are dissolve in the water that
erodes it.  But, this is not the only way the trigrams are interpreted.  Some interpreters like to look
at the form of the trigram itself.  Lake looks like an opening and Flame like two lines clinging to
something.  This interpretation makes Lake a liberator, a Fire element and makes Flame a
dissolver and combiner, a Water element.  This converts Mountain into a blocker, a control, a
restraint element and Waterpit into a separator, an analyzer, a mental element like "Salt."  In this
system, Heaven, Earth retain their traditional place but Lake and Flame, Mountain and Waterpit
must exchange places.  These different approaches really do not effect the system shown below,
the labels can be shifted on the system, but, it still works anyway.  We are looking for the deeper
meaning that underlies the shifting surfaces.
One way to look at existence is to
use the model in the Chinese book
of changes.  The ancient symbol
here consists of the primitive male,
a continuous line, and the
primitive female, a broken line.  
The continuous line seems to
symbolize energy and the female
line seems to symbolize
information, Yang vs Yin, or Ch'I
vs Li.  It can also be seen as
symbolizing the sympathetic and
parasympathetic, the active and
inactive phases of the primitive
nervous system (autonomic
nerves).
Simple June 19th
2014Revision

These symbolizes are made into
groups, first trigrams, three lines in
a stack, and then trigrams are
stacked together to make
hexagrams.  There are eight basic
trigrams.  Heaven, symbolized by
three continuous lines and Earth,
symbolized by three broken lines.
Heaven is the creative source,
Earth is the dependent product.  In
art, Heaven would be the romantic
and Earth the realistic, unbroken
creativity vs finite broken product.

If the bottom line of a trigram is
seen as the fundamental polarity
between information and energy,
the breaking of that line creates
primitive information, primitive
idealism.  This is the classical
temper, the idealistic temper, it is
the trigram that the Chinese call
"Wind."

The opposite of "Wind" is
"Thunder," is expressionism.  This
is the Earth trigram of broken
lines, but the bottom line is
continuous, symbolizing the
expressive and emergent energy
in the manifest world.

If instead of breaking the bottom
line, you break the middle line, this
symbolizes the breaking up of the
whole, the division of the whole
into parts.  This trigram of
continuous lines centered on a
cleaved line is known as "Flame."  
It symbolizes primitive freedom,
the cubist or Dada temper in art.

Its opposite is Water or Water hole.
This is the Earth trigram with a
continuous line running through
the center.  This symbolizes the
particles of earth becoming wet
and getting glued together into
clay and pottery.  It symbolizes
emerging order.  In art, it is the
Baroque temper.

If a continuous line forms at the
top of the Earth trigram, it
symbolizes the Earth trying to
understand itself, trying to
comprehend itself.  This is
Mountain, the primitive self, the
emerging mind.  In art it is
Impressionism and Mannerism.

Its opposite is Lake, this is the
Heaven trigram, but broken at the
top.  Ready to absorb information
at its surface.  This is the opposite
of mind and self, it is the primitive
process of absorption and group
formation.  In art it is the stylistic
and eclectic, it is
Post-Impressionism and fashion
art.
(note another interpretation in which Lake and Flame exchange places with Lake liberal openness
and Flame mixing clinging.  In this interpretation Mountain and Waterpit change places, with
Waterpit as pull apart dangerousness separation and Mountain as blockage, control, and restraint.  
The different interpretations are simply questions of which becomes the whole to part line, the top
line or the middle line.  It is important to note that the I Ching switches back and forth between
these two systems.  We deliberately focus on one interpretation in order to show the simple ideas
that underlie the complex interpretations and combinations that occur as the lines are combined
into trigrams and hexagrams.)

_____  (Schizoid-Romantic)  
_____
_____    HEAVEN TRIGRAM

__  __    (Dependent-Realist)
__   __  
__  __      EARTH TRIGRAM

______  (Paranoid-Classical)
______
__    __    WIND TRIGRAM

___   __   (Histrionic-
___   __     Expressionist)
______  THUNDER TRIGRAM

_______  (Antisocial- DADA)
__    ___                         
_______  FLAME TRIGRAM

___    ___   (Compulsive-
________     Baroque)
___    ___  WATER  TRIGRAM

_________   (Narcissistic-
____   ____     Impressionist)
____  _____  MOUNTAIN  T.

____   ____    (Avoidant- Post-
__________       Impressionist)
__________   LAKE  TRIGRAM
All of this fits in the pattern we have been previously looking at as follows, consider a cut open
octahedron made flat:
ENERGY LONG LINE (Bottom of Trigram) or FLUX
SOURCE FACE of OCTAHEDRON or HEAVEN
    TRIGRAM
SELF LONG LINE                                                                                  WHOLENESS LONG LINE
(Top line of Trigram)                                                                              (Middle line of Trigram)
IDEAL FACE of OCTAHEDRON or WIND (Air)
    TRIGRAM

INFORMATION VERTEX, (Broken bottom line) or FIXED
FREE FACE                ANALYSIS FACE                             ORDER FACE                  MIXED FACE
FLAME TRIGRAM       MOUNTAIN TRIGRAM                    WATER-HOLE TRI           LAKE TRIGR.
(Fire)                            (Salt)                                               (Waterpot)                       (Water solvent)

RESULT FACE of OCTAHEDRON or EARTH
      TRIGRAM

PART BROKEN LINE                                                                               SOCIAL BROKEN LINE
(Middle line of trigram)                                                                              (Top Line of Trigram)

EXPRESSION FACE of OCTAHEDRON or THUNDER
        TRIGRAM (Dust)

ENERGY LONG LINE (Bottom line of Trigram) or FLUX

Heaven provides the upper layer of the air that makes the wind and the lighting that starts the
flames of fire and the rain that fills the lake.  Earth provides the wet soil that becomes the clay for
the waterpot and the salt that dissolves in the water and the minerals of the mountain.  Earth
collects the dust that falls from heaven and is shaken by the thunder that comes from lightning.

Heaven=Source=Romanticism against Earth=Result=Realism
Wind (Air)=Ideal=Classicism against Thunder (Dust) =Expression=Expressionism
Flame(Fire)=Free=DaDa against Waterhole (Waterpot)=Order=Baroque
Mountain(Salt)=Analysis=Impressionism against Lake (Watersolvent)=Mixed=Post-Impressionism

Making the eight sides of the octahedron, the three long lines and three broken lines forming the
vertexes.
        Energy long line    
HEAVEN
self long line                                                                                                              whole long line
WIND
 information broken line
FLAME   MOUNTAIN                  WATERHL  LAKE
or LAKE as the open, Waterhole as rip apart            or Mountain as restrain and Flame as clinging
EARTH
part broken line                                                                                                     social broken
line
        
     THUNDER
       energy long line

Note that there are alternative interpretations of the I Ching as noted above in which Lake is
openness DaDa, rather than fire-Flame and Mountain is Baroque restraint rather than Waterhole,
and Flame is Post-Impressionist coming together clinging rather than Lake and Waterhole is rip
apart mind ruts Impressionism rather than Mountain.  One of the things the hexagrams show is how
these progressions can merge and mingle, one line of changes merging and combining with
another.

THE TOP LINE ______
______
______

of the Heaven trigram can
represent Brahma, the creator
from the Hindu trinity who uses
the endless whole generated by
Vishnu the preserver (middle
trigram line) generated in turn by
Shiva, endless flux that make the
improbable probable (bottom
energy line of the Heaven Yang
trigram)

It can also represent the anthropic
observer who must be highly
organized enough to generate
observation and therefore you
have selection for an ordered
universe.

But, it can also stand for the frontal
portion of the Vertebrate Brain and
the executive functions that frontal
portion commands.  When the line
is broken, it will stand for
association, data collection, for the
sensory association areas in the
lobes of the posterior portion of the
cerebral cortex: parietal, temporal,
occipital.

The middle wholeness line can
represent the right hemisphere of
the cerebrum and its holistic
functions.  When this middle line
is broken, it can represent the left
hemisphere of the cerebrum and
its focus on local parts, particulars,
local facts.

The bottom energy line can
represent the limbic areas and the
centers controlling emotional
energy.  When broken, it can
represent the basal ganglia and
the striated bodies, it can
represent patterns of response,
learned, inherited, etc., various
kinds of genetic and learned
information that supports adaptive
systems.

In this symbolism, the WIND
trigram is the system set point,
and the WATERHOLE trigram is
the mechanisms that maintain the
set point, and EARTH trigram is
the measured result and the
MOUNTAIN trigram is perception,
data input, and analysis.

MOUNTAIN becomes the
executive functions of the left
hemisphere frontal lobe and WIND
becomes the meaning centered
functions of the right frontal lobe,
and WATERHOLE, the order
centered functions of the posterior
parietal and temporal lobes of the
right hemisphere, and EARTH the
fact centered functions of the
association areas in the left
parietal and temporal lobes.

FLAME extends these functions
into limbic areas like the left
anterior cingulate and its
association with the motor and
premotor areas of the left frontal
lobes.  HEAVEN extends to the
right anterior cingulate and its
associations with the motor and
premotor areas of the right frontal
lobes and associated amygdala,
hypothalamus, and autonomic
functions.  LAKE reaches toward
the posterior right insula and
parietal and temporal lobe
processing of attitude and
emotion. THUNDER extends to
the left posterior parietal, left
insula, and its connections to
motor and autonomic functions,
and emotional expressions.
The result is an emotional
octahedron somewhat like the
following:
Vacillating (unbroken bottom line)
Artemis                               Poseidon
Negativistic   HEAVEN   Depressed-Schizotypal
Asocial (unbroken top)Schizoid-Avoidant  
Phobic(unbrokenmiddle)                     Hera    Paranoid      WIND
(Air)Compulsive Hephaestus
FLAME Sadistic MOUNTAIN            WATER Masochistic LAKE
(Fire)     Apollo   (Salt)             (Water-Pot) Demeter (Water-Solvent)
Obsessive (broken bottom line)
Zeus    Narcissistic  EARTH    Dependent   Hestia
Impulsive (broken middle)       Histrionic        Social (broken top line)
Hermes    
Ares   Antisocial   THUNDER  Borderline Aphrodite
(Dust)
Vacillating (unbroken bottom line)                
Hera = paranoid = executive functions of right cerebral
frontal lobes = STOP

Zeus=narcissistic= executive functions of left cerebral
frontal lobes = GO

Apollo = sadistic = left cingulate = choice = ON

Artemis = negativistic = right cingulate = creativity = OFF

Hermes = histrionic = left broca's = speech = OUTPUT

Hestia = dependent = left temporal = listening = INPUT

Ares = antisocial = left motor area = actions = STRONG

Aphrodite = borderline = left sensory area and parietal =
sensitivity = WEAK

Demeter = masochistic = right parietal lobe = location =
HERE

Poseidon = schizotypal-depressed = right temporal lobe,
hippocampus, amygdala = THERE

Athena = schizoid-avoidant = right frontal premotor =
learning = IDEAS

Hephaestus = obsessive-compulsive = right motor area
and striated bodies, basal ganglia = SKILLS

Out of HEAVEN comes EARTH,
the long line of energy is broken
into information and information
processing systems.  The line of
the whole is broken into the
particles and photons that make
up the world of quantum
mechanics.  The line of the
observer self is broken into the
multiple observer selves and time
and space components of the
relativistic world and the universe
with which it is associated.  The
magical source that is the
romantic temper of HEAVEN has
been broken into the scientific
facts of the real world.  WIND and
LAKE and FLAME, then
MOUNTAIN, WATERHOLE, and
THUNDER are the intermediate
states through which the
emergence of EARTH has
occurred.

HEAVEN and WIND make up the
SPIRIT, essential consciousness,
essential creativity. WATERHOLE
is the law and mechanism of its
action, LAKE is the race-mind, the
medium through which it emerges
into the manifest form of EARTH
and THUNDER.  MOUNTAIN is
the perception of this manifest
form by SPIRIT and  FLAME is the
actions taken by SPIRIT, the
karma that is generated by
SPIRIT'S reaction to the reflection
of its ideas and feelings into
manifest form.

These three turn on the
MOUNTAIN trigram that is the
source of separation and analysis.  
The long line at the top of the
MOUNTAIN trigram represents
this immortal creative spirit,
Buddhamind, Atman, Jiva.
The broken line in the middle
represents the manifest world
viewed by this observer in its
separate parts.  The broken line
on the bottom of the trigram
represents, Dharma, systems
theory, cybernetics, the
information processing systems
that put the ideas generated by
SPIRIT in to action, reflect them
back into the visible world.

The endless creative  spirit
____________________
___________________      (image of matter)        ____________________                                    
___________________       (the law of reflection) _____________________


The Mountain Trigram  

In respect to brain function, this
SPIRIT is the collective executive
functions of the frontal lobes of the
cerebral cortex.  The law
represents the collective systems
functions of the brain, basal
ganglia, midbrain, thalamus, etc.
Supportive of the decisions of the
brain's executive system.  In
mythology, the executive functions
were Mount Olympus, and the law
was the system of lessor gods and
goddesses.  The middle portion of
the trigram are the specific facts
that are feed back to the executive
functions.  These are messages
carried back by Hermes,
messenger of the gods, this would
be concepts recognized by the
verbal areas of the frontal lobes.  
In mythology, this is Zeus and
Hera inspecting their influence on
the world.  Generally Hercules and
other heroic figures are the
symbols of this area of factual and
focal function, the narcissistic
aspect of human personality, the
face presented to the world.

Here, MOUNTAIN changes to
EARTH and THUNDER in the
form of Hermes and Hestia, Ares
and Aphrodite: things seen and
heard, both spoken and
unspoken, things done and felt.
Earth is the particular item
recognized by the verbal cortex.
(Hestia listens and Hermes
speaks) Thunder is the
background of sensation and
action organized around the left
insula and associated motor cortex
(Ares) and sensory parietal areas
(Aphrodite).

The larger context for this is the
principle of recombination, of
space and time.  This is controlled
by the right parietal lobe (Demeter,
sense of home and place) and the
right temporal lobe (this controls
the sense of music and sequence
and at a deeper level the sense of
personal history and passage
through space--hippocampus, this
is symbolized by the god
Poseidon, the god of the traveller
who sails on the sea, the god of
the waves and the rise and fall of
the tides).  This principle of
recombination is the LAKE
trigram, a lake that dissolves all in
its deep water.

LAKE is organized by
WATERHOLE, or WATERPOT,
the striated bodies, basal ganglia,
and right cerebral motor and
sensory areas and right insula.  
Repetitive actions and feelings are
integrated in the WATERHOLE to
generate habits, discipline, and
rules of thought and feeling.  This
is the realm of Dharma, of duty, of
Kismet, of fate, of character and
destiny.   It is ruled by Hestia in
the left temporal lobe, Demeter in
the right parietal lobe and
Hephaestus (Vulcan) in the right
motor cortex.  

Paired with Hephaestus is the
goddess of the premotor areas of
the right frontal lobe, Athena.  She
and Hephaestus and Hera rule the
right frontal executive functions,
the paranoid compulsive patterns
we associate with the WIND
trigram, patterns that establish the
basic set points set in motion by
the mechanism of the
WATERPOT and the recombinant
media of the LAKE.

But, the source for all of this is the
deep creativity emerging from
limbic areas and the cingulate
areas deep with the right frontal
lobe and its associations with the
left frontal and lower brain
structures supporting the higher
brain, including the pleasure
circuits and the nucleus
accumbens.  This is the area of
the HEAVEN trigram.

This creativity spills over into the
left cerebral cortex and associated
motor areas, the realm ruled by
the FLAME trigram.
    This area is  
ruled by Apollo, the left cingulate
and its connections to the left
motor and frontal lobes and
thalamus, and Artemis and its
connections to the right
hemisphere and deeper brain
structures.  Apollo represents the
emergence of the sympathetic and
wakeful aspect of the nervous
system, fight and flight, into the
upper brain, and Artemis is the
emergence of its parasympathetic
opposite, rest, sleep, darkness.

These polarities emerge as
tempers in art and personality.  
MOUNTAIN is the impressionistic
narcissistic individual and LAKE is
its submergence in the
masochistic and borderline
post-impressionist movement
(impressionism and mannerism to
post-impressionism, fashion art,
and symbolism).  HEAVEN is the
romantic schizoid avoidant
schizotypal source and EARTH is
its realistic obsessive dependent
product (romanticism to realism).  
WIND is the paranoid classical
ideal and THUNDER is its
histrionic expression (classical vs.
Expressionism).  WATERHOLE is
its compulsive baroque system
and FLAME is the drying up and
breaking up of the compulsive
baroque system by the antisocial,
sadistic, by Dada and cubism.

There are geographic equivalents
to these polarities.  The
geographic equivalent of the
HEAVEN trigram is the tropical
rainforests of the world.  These are
centers of magical thinking
developed in its most
sophisticated from in Hinduism
and Tantra, emerging in South
Asia.  

The LAKE aspect is seen in its
purist form in the river systems of
Central and East Asia and China.  
The trigram symbolism is a good
example of the synthesis, the
dialectical developments
characteristic of river valleys, thus,
both Daoism and Confucianism
are products of LAKE.

In contrast, FLAME can be found
in the great oceans and deserts
and arctic tundra where there is
either too much salt water or too
little melted fresh water to support
civilization and it breaks apart and
"dries" up.  FLAME supports
aboriginal and animistic points of
view like those found in Polynesia
and Melanesia, in Siberia, etc.,
ideas characteristic of native North
American and South American
tribes.

Wind is the metaphysical purity
found in mountain retreats, the
lamanistic Buddhism of Tibet, the
Calvinistic Christianity of 16th
Century Geneva.

The opposite of Wind is the
histrionic and vulgar expressionist
culture of the populist lowlands.  
The THUNDER areas, the
hedonistic marketing culture of
Amsterdam, Los Angeles, New
York, New Orleans, etc.

The opposite of tropical rainforest
HEAVEN is the EARTH realm of
temperate lowlands of North
America and Europe associated
with the development of realism
and science: France, England,
Germany, New England, etc.   
These realms of glacial sediment
are typical of the EARTH temper.

The opposite of the LAKE temper
is the MOUNTAIN temper found in
mountainous peninsulas and
islands like Greece, Scotland,
Norway, and Japan.  Here we see
the development of rationalism
and philosophy, of skeptical
thinking, or of thought systems of
the kind associated with Japanese
Zen.

The opposite of FLAME is the
WATERPOT, or WATERHOLE
temper.  These thought systems
tend to be dogmatic and collective
and associated with continental
basins and uplands like those
supporting the Persian Empire.  
An excellent example of a
WATERHOLE, or WATERPOT
way of looking at the world is the
Arabic version of Astrology that
view events as Kismet, as fate,
decided by the divine King, by
Allah on his Heavenly Imperial
Throne, symbolized in the
astrological system by Sun, Moon,
Jupiter, Saturn as ruling planets,
or luminaries.

We make a mistake when we try to
view one of these tempers, or
geographic systems, as right or
wrong, good or bad.  Actually they
emerge from natural systems,
environmental conditions, brain
systems, cultural systems, cultural
paradigms.  We cannot banish
these elements or totally control
them.  Thus, we will always be
caught in some sort of box or
package that puts a spin, a bias, a
condition on what we think and do.

If you examine the hexagrams that
are built up on these trigrams, you
will see the deeper elements in
this I Ching system.  Hexagram
49, the Revolution, combines the
trigrams for Lake and Fire, and
thus crosses the Energy Flux
vertex of the I Ching octahedron.  
Hexagram 34, Power of the Great,
crosses the vertex by combining
Thunder and Heaven.  In all these
trigrams, the bottom line, the
energy flux line remains unbroken.

In contrast, Hexagram 39, crosses
the fixed information vertex to
generate Obstruction, by
combining Water-Pit with
Mountain. View, Hexagram 82,
does the same thing across the
divide from Wind and Earth.  In
this case the bottom line of each
component trigram is consistently
a broken one.

The polarity between whole and
part is seen in the  Preponderance
of the Great hexagram and the
Preponderance of the Small
hexagram which maintain an
unbroken and a broken middle
line.                            

The unbroken and the broken
upper line symbolize the polarity
between self and social that is
seen in Hexagram 33, Retreat
(See also, Hexagram 26, the
Taming Power of the Great) and
Hexagram 19, Approach (along
with Hexagram 45: Gathering
Together)

The Chinese arrange these
polarities into a cycle of the
seasons, with Summer as the
wholeness that unites Lake,
Heaven, Wind, and Water-Pit and
Winter as the brokenness of
Mountain, Earth, Thunder, and
Fire.

Water-pit symbolizes Autumn and
it crosses the information vertex
between Water-pit and Mountain
which leads to Winter (Earth).

Fire (Flame, Lightning) is Spring,
and Thunder is the transition to
Spring from Winter.  As Fire
moves to Lake it crosses the
Energy Flux vertex.

Eric Fromm's five aspects of
economic and social orientation:
productivity, exploitation,
receptivity, hoarding, and
marketing. Can be expanded by
the notion of two kinds of
productivity, the primitive, Heaven
trigram, and the derived,
industrial, utilitarian, Earth.

The productive cycle, between
generation, Heaven, and product,
Earth, is side tracked by over
emphasis of activity, exploitation,
or of passivity, receptive
orientation.  This polarity is
symbolized in the opposition of the
Fire-Flame trigram to the Water-pit
Trigram.

Or Hoarding can be emphasized
as opposed to Marketing, the
Wind trigram of gentleness
(gentleman, hoarding of refined
things) against the Thunder
trigram.

Hoarding can involve isolation and
separation, Mountain, or
recombination and mixture, Lake.  
The former can be a kind of
extractive exploitation, and the
later a recombinant receptivity.   

In government, Heaven tends to
be aboriginal and feudal, Earth,
tends to be industrial and scientific.
Flame tends to be warlike and
Water-pit tends to bureaucracy,
monarchy, and absolutism.  Wind
tends to the gentle, gentleman,
noble and classical, aristocratic
and Thunder to populism,
pragmatism, and marketing.  
Mountain tends toward debate,
republicanism, nationalism,
federalism, and Lake toward
empire, imperialism, and
internationalism.

Flame is the Vikings and Water-pit
is Louis XIV.  Thunder is Teddy
Roosevelt and Wind is the
Parthenon and Plato.  Heaven is
Australian Bushmen, and Earth is
French Socialism.  Mountain is
debate in a Swiss parliament and
Lake is the Roman Empire.

The Hexagrams can be organized
into houses dominated by the
Creative (Heaven), the Schizoid
and Schizotypal, by Water-pit, the
Compulsive, by Keeping Still as
Narcissistic (see Grace, Hexagram
22, and the Taming Power of the
Great, number 26), Thunder as
the Histrionic, Wind as the
Avoidant and Paranoid, Fire as the
Antisocial and Sadistic (see
Hexagrams 50 and 56), Earth as
the Dependent, and Lake as the
Masochistic and Borderline, see
Hexagram 47, Oppression, and 8,
Marrying Maiden.

Certain Hexagrams suggest Greek
Gods and Goddesses.  Hexagram
22, Grace, combining Mountain
and Fire, suggests Apollo.  
Hexagram 8, Possession in Great
Measure, suggests Artemis,
Goddess of Nature.

Hexagram 47, combining Lake
with Water, Oppression, suggests
Demeter and her loss of
Persephone.  Hexagram 43, Break
Through, combining Heaven with
Lake, suggests Poseidon and the
breaking waves.

Hexagram 5, Waiting, suggests
the Goddess Hestia, and
Hexagram 2, Return, combines
Earth and Thunder to suggest
Hermes.

Hexagram 38, Opposition, Fire
with Lake suggests Ares, and 54,
Marrying Maiden, Thunder with
Lake (and 31, Influence/Wooing,
Mountain with Lake) suggests
Aphrodite.

The Poison Hexagram 18,
Mountain and Wind suggests the
paranoia of Hera, against the
narcissism of Zeus, Hexagram 26
and the Taming Power of the
Great, Wind and Heaven.  In
Hexagram 9, the Taming Power of
the Small, indicates the Avoidant
aspect of Athena and her ability to
handle small details.  Hexagram
53, Progressive Development,
suggests the conscientious
compulsive work of Hephaestus.

The hexagrams suggest ways of
getting out of personality
stuckness, personality disorder.  
For example, oppression,
exhaustion is the result of Lake
(Joy) being drained by a
Water-pit, a compulsive thought or
action (a river of thought or action,
a rut in the road of life).  But,
flipped upside down it becomes
water course over wind, or the
Hexagram for a well, a constant
source of resources.  Thus, all that
is needed is a reframe.

There have been a number of
systems for arranging the trigrams
and the hexagrams. Unfortunately,
the people using these systems do
not seem to understand that the I
Ching is actually a dynamic set of
mathematical interactions that can
be worked up in an infinite number
of ways.  The interpretations that
have survived are simply two of
them.  Both these systems use the
seasons and directions of China
as their basis.  Unfortunately the
result is that the interpretation of
the I Ching has become too rigid
over the years and too permeated
with local Chinese images.  The
result is a system that is less
general and universal that in was
originally designed to be.

Fu Xi developed a system for
interpreting the trigrams and
hexagrams that plays on the
universal octahedron, or cube.  
Earth trigram is one face of the
universal trigram octahedron, one
corner of the cube, one vertex or
side of the universal tetrahedron.  
The faces of the cube, or vertex of
the octahedron, summit of the
octahedron-cube pyramid, are the
lines and broken lines of the
trigrams.

The vertex of the great pyramid is
the top unbroken trigram line, the
eternal creative all seeing eye
atman buddha self, in Hindu
mythology, the Brahma creator
line of creation.  Its opposite is the
top broken line of the Earth
trigram, the relativistic cosmos and
our local world, the broken line of
associated parts.

Fu Xi's system has midsummer as
the Heaven trigram.  It moves
toward winter by moving from
Heaven to Wind and finally to
Earth.  But it takes a side trip on
the way to swing though Water-pit
and Mountain on the way through
autumn.  It swings back up to
Heaven through Thunder, but
again takes a side trip in the
spring, through Fire and Lake, the
energy line complements to the
broken line emphasis of Water-pit
and Mountain, giving a long
energy line twist to spring as
opposed to the broken energy line
of autumn.

The interpretation of King Wen is
more radical.  It emphasizes the
hidden tetrahedron core of the
octahedron-cube faces used by Fu
Xi.  King Wen's system begins
with Heaven and the Water-Pit as
the key to the wet character of
Winter.  It swings across the
tetrahedron of Heaven, Water-Pit,
Mountain, and Thunder, (the
Heaven, Pottery, Salt, Dust
sequence that is hidden in the
Western system of Air, Earth, Fire,
and Water).  Then, having started
to dry up this wetness, it swings
through the Chinese equivalents
of the Western four elementals, Air
or Wind, Fire or Flame, Earth, and
Lake or Solvent-Water.  Having
regained the wetness it can now
renew the Heaven to Water-pit
cycle.

Still, many of the mythological
elements of the Western system
can translate easily into these
Chinese symbols.  For example, it
is clear that both Zeus and Hera
belong to the Mountain trigram.  
Zeus dominates Mountain
becoming Heaven and Mountain
becoming Earth and Hera
Mountain becoming Wind: see the
vapors that rise from Mt.
Olympus.  Apollo and Artemis
belong to the Flame trigram.  
Apollo, the sun God, fits well with
the grace hexagram, but Artemis,
the moon goddess, tends toward
the retreat hexagram that allows
her to hide in the untamed aspect
of Mountain.

In contrast, Demeter and Poseidon
are gods of Water-pit, Lake, and
Heaven.  Poseidon fits with the
Heaven to Lake hexagram of
break-through as with the
breaking waves of the Ocean.  
Demeter fits with the suffering
hexagram that brings the waters of
the Lake into the ravines of
Water-pit river valleys where they
can bring water to the fields.  The
source of her suffering is the
capture of her daughter by the
deep Water-pit danger god,
Hades, god of the Water-pit
underworld, kingdom of winter and
death, he has captured the Lake
goddess, Persephone, daughter of
Demeter, and bringer of joyous
spring.

The broken lines between
Water-pit and Earth belong to
Hestia and the broken lines
between Thunder and Earth to her
brother Hermes, who rules the
hexagram of return and carries the
Thunder messages send by the
lightning bolts of Zeus.  Where
these split the Earth open with the
splitting hexagram, Zeus enters
into the local mythology of Earth.

Hera, Athena, Hephaestus all
belong to the gentle Wind that
penetrates everywhere, as well as
to Mountain (Mountain Olympus)
and Heaven (the Titans, the
Creator Gods and Goddesses,
Ouranos, Chronos, Rhea, etc.).  
Hephaestus appears to be the
springs and rivers (Water-pit) that
carve up the Mountain and
gradually expose beautiful things.  
Then he becomes the clinging
Fire and the Earth hexagram, the
progress hexagram that may
expose beautiful metals.  As Fire
and Earth, Hephaestus becomes
the volcano god Vulcan.  

In contrast, his traditional partner,
Athena, seems to keep more to the
penetrating Wind.

Aphrodite and Ares seem to be
associated with Lake.  Aphrodite
appears to be tie with the Lake to
Mountain hexagram that is
associated with courtship and the
marrying maiden hexagram that
ties Lake to Thunder, but her
partner Ares seems to bring on the
Lake to Flame hexagram that is
associated with opposition.  Here
we see the primitive resting
parasympathetic autonomic state
that supports rest and pleasure
(Aphrodite) change to tension,
fight or flight, as flame, sunlight
makes it aware of danger (Ares).  
Thus, primitive pleasure, joy,
delight, (Lake) are awakened to
possible attack (the light of Flame).

The old high gods of the Greeks
inhabit the high Heaven, Ouranos,
etc., and the nature gods of the
woods and fields inhabit Earth.  In
between are the Mountain gods of
Olympus, thus Zeus.  The
luminary gods, like Apollo who
inhabit flame, thus Vulcan may
sometimes flame out of the
Mountain (Hephaestus) and
Artemis (the moon) is a pale flame
that may appear to retreat into the
Mountain and the Wind that blows
its mists.

In these mists you may find
Athena and even Hephaestus
carving rivers on the Mountain
side, but the deep pit of the river,
the Water-Pit belongs to Hades
and Demeter and Persephone,
who is also the joyous Lake
goddess of Spring.  Where the
Lake and its marshes break
through to Heaven and the ocean,
there you will find Poseidon, but
the path from the Lake to Thunder
and Earth and the Mountain
belongs to the goddess of wooing,
Aphrodite.  But, where it breaks
into Flame, into opposition, there
is Ares.  Where the Thunder
communicates with Earth, there is
Hermes, and his quiet partner,
Hestia, who simply listens and
rarely speaks.

She is Earth and Flame, the
keeper of the Flame, as such she
is quiet persistence, a quality she
shares with Hephaestus.  Both
have compulsive qualities that
suggest the deep ruts of the
Water-Pit.  But, the combination of
Water-Pit and Flame suggests the
dangerous insights of Dionysus,
see Hexagrams 63, 64, After
Completion, Before Completion.

The I Ching is like a dirty glass.  
Too many years of interpretation
have ruined its focus.  A close
analysis of the I Ching suggests
that Mountain should represent
the Analytic and Lake its Synthetic
opposite (mixture, solution in
water).  But, combinations in
China represent joyous
happenings and analysis is
associated with calm dispassion.  
These peculiar Chinese
interpretations have clouded over
the original ideas.

In a similar fashion, the Water-pit
should represent the order a river,
or water channel imposes on
liquid, but it has come to
symbolize the dangers of a river,
its wetness, and other local
associations.

So also Flame should suggest Fire
and the liberation it can bring.  
Indeed, Flame is associated with
military activities.  But, actual
license becomes associated more
with the joyous implications of
Lake and the dangerous
implications of Water-pit, as the
Chinese notions of Flame and
Water develop

A dodecahedral system can be
used based on five rather than
four and three.  Five elements
circulate around the elemental
(Part) pole.  Water as the source
of plant nutrition, Wood as
germination, Fire as growth, Earth
as formation of root and stem,
Metal for the harvest of fruit.  We
move from the fixed pole of Metal
and Earth to the flux pole of Fire,
from the Association pole of Earth
to the Creative Self pole of Wood.

The movement of the five
elements around the elemental
pole pushes the movement of the
eight trigrams around the opposite
holistic pole, creating the system
of King Wen.  The Fire (Flame)
trigram stimulates the Earth
trigram to move through Lake and
Heaven toward the Metal element
and Water-Pit and Mountain.  
Here Thunder and Wind stimulate
the movement from the Wood
element to the Fire element and
the Fire trigram.

A simple metaphor is the notion
that we endlessly find ourselves
stuck in the Lake Swamp and
Water Pit groove.  We are slaves
to the common unconscious.  But,
the Thunder on Earth, the shaking
of the Earth, of the ordinary world
wakes us up.  We become angry,
upset.  But, we need to retire to
our personal inner mountain and
climb our personal inner path up
the mountain with the light of our
personal flame and hold that flame
in the Wind from Heaven.  And
follow the whisper of that Wind, its
still small voice of hope, faith, joy,
love, goodness, wonder, beauty,
peace with in the deep Eternal
Christmas of our deep spiritual
heart place, the cingulate center
where mind meets soul.  The
Insula and Executive areas of the
Frontal Cortex can help us hold up
that flame and keep it high.

So the long yang line is the Frontal
area of the Cortex and the broken
line the association areas of the
posterior cortex.  The second long
yang line is the Right Hemisphere
of the Cerebral Cortex and the
broken yin line is the fact and
particular oriented Left
Hemisphere.  The third long yang
line is the limbic areas and other
structures controlling the
autonomic nervous functions and
their control of the passions and
energy states of the brain.  The
broken third yin line is the
primitive information processing
and compulsive response
coordinating systems associated
with the basal ganglia and the
striated bodies.

Thus, Waterpit is a compulsive
state associated with the Right
Hemisphere, its Parietal lobe
associations and their connections
to states of the basal ganglia and
cerebellum, thus, habitual
patterns, ruts, the Baroque frame
of mind.  Flame is its Left
Hemisphere executive Frontal lobe
function, limbic and autonomic
connected, cingulate area
opposite.  It is focus, and interest,
and experimental points of view.  It
is the Cubist and DaDa frame of
mind.

The basal ganglia aspect next to
flame is Mountain.  Mountain is
the personal analytic switch, the
personal refusal emerging from
the Left Frontal Lobe.  It is
impressionistic, my personal
impressions, my personal facts
framed by my personal Mount
Olympus, viewed from the high
points of my Left Frontal lobe.

But, Lake is the deep hollow of the
Right Parietal and Temporal lobe
association area opposite.  Lake is
the Post-Impressionistic style,
fashion, movement, school formed
from the association of group
identified symbols stored in Right
Hemisphere associations and their
connections to the limbic lobe,
amygdala, and autonomic
functions, to the passions, the
feelings.  You see this passion in
the Lake temper work of Van Gogh.

When this deep Right Hemisphere
meaning spills over into Left
Hemisphere fact and expression, it
becomes Thunder and Earth.  
Thunder is the passion connected
Expressionistic aspect of Left
Hemisphere posterior cerebral
association.  Earth is the Realistic,
information processing, basal
ganglia switch throwing aspect of
Left Hemisphere Parietal and
Temporal lobe.

The opposite of Thunder is the
Classical temper of Wind and the
opposite of Earth is the Romantic
temper of Heaven.  Both are Right
Hemisphere and Frontal Lobe
centered.  But, Thunder connects
to the passions, to the cingulate,
the limbic, the amygdala, the
autonomic.  

Wind is more hippocampal, basal
ganglia, striated bodies, more
information and system centered.  
Less about energy and more
about idea and ideal.  It is the pure
air abstracted from the storms of
Heaven.  The Wind is the
Classical notions blown out of the
primal Romantic and Surrealistic
Heaven source-storms.

Recent history seems to have
brought a movement from the
emergence of a Classical temper
as the Wind from Heaven,
Romantic, Gothic.  The rain of that
Wind into Waterpit, into the
Baroque and then the Realistic
temper (Earth) and finally the
development of a personal, an
Impressionistic Mountain path.  
That complete systems cycle from
set point (Wind) to feed back
system (Waterpit) to product
(Earth) and input and analysis
(Mountain), seems to have
overloaded the systems and
information pole of Western
culture.

Things have spun from the broken
yin line of information to the long
yang line of energy.  The Classical
temper (Wind) has generated the
Romantic spin off (Heaven).  This
has generated Symbolism,
Post-Impressionism, and Fashion
Art (Lake) from which
Expressionism (Thunder), Cubism
and DaDa (Flame) and Surrealism
( return to Heaven) have spun out
in turn.

The ancient trinites are present in
the trigrams.  The Heaven trigram
is composed of three long yang
lines, the top is Brahma, the
Creator, the middle is Vishnu the
Preserver, and the bottom is
Shiva, the destroyer, thus, the
Hindu trinity makes up the three
lines of the Heaven trigram.

Break the last line of the Heaven
trigram and you generate the
Wind trigram.  Its lines are the
elements of the Neoplatonic trinity.
The top line is Pneuma (soul), the
middle line is Hen (oneness), and
the bottom line is Nous (also
Logos, Mind, Dharma, in the
Chinese the "Li").  These lines
pair to make the persons of the
Christian trinity:  Oneness pairs
with Soul to make the One Soul,
the Oversoul, Father in the
Christian trinity.  Soul pairs with
Logos, or the Word, to make the
Son, and Nous-Logos pairs with
the One to make the Holy Spirit.

Break the middle unity line and
Wind becomes Mountain and the
Word becomes Flesh as personal
Mind.  Break the upper self
consciousness creative spirit line
and you generate Waterpit, or fate,
the public order, the mechanistic
organization of the public universe.

The trinity of Mountain is the
metaphysical trinity of the long
yang creative spirit line, the
broken particular atomic line of the
objective world, and the broken
information system line of the
Nous and the Logos.  This
metaphysical trinity is often known
as "Spirit, Law (Subconscious
Mind), and Body."

The trinity of  Waterpit is the
broken parts assembled together
at each level of organization
(atoms come together to make
molecules), the hierarchy of
organization that brings these
levels together, and the
information system principle
necessary to accomplish this.  In
government, these functions are
known as: legislative, executive,
and judicial.  The legislative
assembles the peoples
representatives, the executive
organizes their actions into a
larger order, and the judicial
activates and reviews the legal
information and systems functions
that support this order.

Out of Mountain and Waterpit,
come the broken lines of Earth,
the public broken line of cosmic
relativity and space-time, the
broken line of information systems
and mathematics, the broken line
of quantum mechanics realm of
particles and waves). Relativity,
Systems, and Quantum
Mechanics is the trinity of Earth.

Change the broken line of
Systems and information to the
long yang line of thermodynamics
and Mass-Energy (neither created
nor destroyed) and you have the
two broken lines and one long
bottom line of the Thunder trigram.
This is also the no-self, suffering
particulars, and flux trinity of
Buddhism.

Reunite the top broken line as the
long yang line of the jiva atman
buddhamind soul and you have
the Sattva Guna line.  The middle
broken particular line of atoms and
material things is the Tamas Guna
line.  The bottom line of
thermodyanmic flux is the Rajas
Guna line.  This is the Flame
trigram and the Hindu Jain trinity
of the three Gunas.

The top broken line of Thunder
can also be interpreted as the
world of samsara, of death and
rebirth.  When the broken middle
line is reunited with the long yang
line of the middle, it becomes the
Brahman Nirvana Buddhamind
One that the soul returns to when
is breaks the chain of samsara.  
The long bottom line is the Karma
energy that drives this endless
cycle.  This is the Lake trigram.  
When the bottom line is broken, it
becomes the Dharma duty line of
Waterpit.  Now we have the trinty
of the Sanga, assembly of
worshippers, top Broken Waterpit
line, Buddha, middle long yang
oneness Nirvana line, and
Dharma, bottom broken line.

When this also heals the broken
top line of Lake, it becomes
Buddha Christ Consciousness,
pure Sattva, that returns the Lake
trigram to its Heaven source and
the Waterpit trigram to its Wind
from Heaven source, that is pure
transcendence.

We need to repeat that the I Ching
has many interpretations.  The
streams of changes that connect
Heaven to Earth can be
interpreted many ways.  They
mingle.  For simplicity we have
made fire-Flame openness and
Waterpit closed.  We have made
Mountain separation and Lake
combination.  Other interpretations
make Lake DaDa openness and
Mountain its restraint Baroque
opposite.  Make Flame mixture
clingingness Post-Impressionism
and Waterpit its dangerous
impressionistic separating and
splitting mind rut opposite.  If we
wished to we could show this in
greater depth.  The hexagrams
merge these interpretations, these
streams of changes, in complex
ways.  But, we have focused on
one possible interpretation to show
the deep simplicity that underlies
these complex results.

Reference: Deng Ming-Dao, The
Living I Ching, Harper, 2006 and
Wilhelm/Baynes, The I Ching,
Bollingen series XIX, Princeton U
Press., 3rd Edition, 1967.
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